Full Project – A history of industrialization in Kano state between 1967 – 2007

Full Project – A history of industrialization in Kano state between 1967 – 2007

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Today, there is no doubt that the world has increasingly become urban and the 20th century witnessed rapid and unprecedented urbanization of the world’s population. The global urban population increased from 13% in 1900 to 29% in 1950, 49% in 2005 and it is estimated that by 2030, 60% of the population will live in the cities. This trend is a reflection of the growth of urban population that increased from 220 million in 1900 to 732 million in 1950 and is expected that there will be 4.9 billion urban dwellers by 2030 (annual urban growth rate of 1.8%).1

The total impact of industrialization on the economy is such that industrialization became an important pre-requisite of economic growth and national development as it enables a country to expand and diversify its economy as well as balance its economic growth and improve its balance of payments.2 The ability to develop industries as an economic sector, particularly for a country monolithically dependent on agriculture, meant more employment with the attendant increase in income and standard of living as well as diffusion of technological and managerial skills. The additional income for the country, from both imports. Indeed, the degree and extent of economic advancement of individual countries, and the roles they play in the industrial economy generally, vary, depending on the degree and extent of their industrialization.3  Thus,  countries  came  to  be  broadly  categorised  based  on  their  different positions on the industrial economic spectrum, where the index of placement is the degree of industrialisation achieved. The “developed” (or industrialised) nations are those where a high index of industrialisation, among other things, forms the basis of their economy, while the “developing” (or the Third World) nations have a relatively lower index of industrialisation. Thus, industrialization has resulted in the polarization of the space economy whereby industrialized countries or areas remain distinct from those not industrialized.4



  • Statement Of The Problems

The study attempts to find out the factors responsible for urbanization and industrialization in Kano State. It also offers a close and critical look at problems confronting cities, town and their inhabitants including inadequate financial resource, lack of employment opportunities, increased poverty and growing insecurity.

Other problems  include substandard and  inadequate housing, slums,  transportation problems, low  productivity,  crime  and  juvenile  delinquency,  lack  of  health  and  educational  facilities, improper land use, insecure land tenure, rising traffic congestion, increasing pollution, lack of green spaces, inadequate water supply and sanitation, uncoordinated urban development and an increasing vulnerability to disaster. The study seek as to find answers to the following questions;

  1. What is the nature of industrialization in Kano metropolis?
  2. What are the factors affecting urban growth in Kano metropolis?
  3. What are the pattern of growth, decline and collapse of industries in Kano metropolis?
  4. Why did some of the Kano industries survive while others collapsed?
    • Aim And Objectives

The aim of this study is to study the history of urbanization and industrial growth in Kano State. The specific objectives of the study are to;

  1. i) To examine the urbanization and industrialization growth in Kano State
  2. ii) Examine the effects of macroeconomic policies, operating in the country, on industrial performance in Kano State;

iii)   Determine  the  pattern  of  collapse  and  survival  of  manufacturing  industries  in  Kano State.

  • Significance Of The Study

It is discovered that industries in Nigeria are collapsing. There is, therefore the need to examined the urbanization, industrialization and also examine the problems associated with industrial collapse in Kano metropolis. At the moment, industrial capital in the form of machines as well as the money invested is tied up and idle.

1.6 Scope And Limitation Of The Study

This project work covers Kano state for the purpose of the study. The scope of this study was delineated along the dimensions of space and time. Therefore, Kano metropolis was chosen for the study due to the large number of industries established in Kano area.

The year 1967 was chosen because it was a period when Kano was created. While the terminal date 2007 was chosen because of the forwarding Structural Adjustment Programme   (S.A.P)   in   the   nation’s economy, with   its   devastating   effects on the industrialization process in all over the country.

Then in 2007 Structural Adjustment Programme (SAP) also forwarded to the nation’s economy with its devastating effect on the industrialization process all over the country.


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Full Project – A history of industrialization in Kano state between 1967 – 2007