Full Project – Computer system assembly and networking

Full Project – Computer system assembly and networking

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1.1  Background of the study

The hardware is the parts of the computer itself including the Central Processing Unit (CPU) and related microchips and micro-circuitry, keyboards, monitors, case and drives (hard, CD, DVD, floppy, optical, tape, etc…). Other extra parts called peripheral components or devices include a mouse, printers, modems, scanners, digital cameras and cards (sound, color, video) etc… Together they are often referred to as a personal computer.  However, the history of computing hardware is the record of the ongoing effort to make computer hardware faster and cheaper.

Computing hardware evolved from machines that needed separate manual action to perform each arithmetic operation, to punched card machines, and then to stored-program computers. The history of stored-program computers relates first to computer architecture, that is, the organization of the units to perform input and output, to store data and to operate as an integrated mechanism. Secondly, this is a history of the electronic components and mechanical devices that comprise these units. Finally, we describe the continuing integration of 21st-century supercomputers, networks, personal devices, and integrated computers/communicators into many aspects of today’s society. Increases in speed and memory capacity, and decreases in cost and size in relation to computing power are major features of the history.


1.2  Statement of the problem

Most of the conventional systems are slow in processing data, have smaller hard disk space and often come with low memory capacity. Thus the project work serves as a preface to these shortfalls. The assembly of the system to function exceptionally solves the following problems. Low processing power (which may not be able to hold tedious task) Inadequate storage options and hence loss of file or data (data insecurity)

The use of only operating system most often Microsoft windows which is susceptible to virus attack. (Might lead to loss of individual data).

Not all systems are able to embrace the modern benefits of a fast network via wireless transmission as, transmission via wireless means is the norm of modern society. The system will eliminate this barrier as it will be, network ready both wired and wireless.


1.3 Objectives of the study

  • The new system involves the assembling of a system, that will be able to handle any tedious task,
  • Process more jobs faster and in less time (approximately 1 billion functions in one second).
  • Have a memory capacity (4GB)
  • Possess one hard disk drive 500GB each providing for alternative storage options
  • Make both wired and wireless connections to the internet both 3G and WIFI transmission.



1.4  Scope of the study

This project will be focused on building a complete system that will meet user requirement in terms of high processing speed, high storage capability, and network ready for both 3G and WIFI transmission.


1.5  Significant of the study

This research wills benefits to the administrator in doing their daily job as well as controlling and managing information.


1.6  Limitations of the study

The limitations of the study were:

  1. The limited time available to collect and analyze the data collected. The analysis was done base on the interview; therefore having results immediately the entire interviewer were returned.
  2. The errors occurring during data collection arising from those not giving honest answers. To overcome this, we worked with the specific correspondents we had built trust with professionally.


1.7  Definition of Technical Terms

While carrying out this research, for the assembling of the system, certain technical terms were used from time to time. We wish therefore to give the interpretation definition of the terms used:

COMPUTER: a computer is an electronic device or machine which under the control of a stored program, automatically accepts data processes data and supplies the result of that processed data as information or output.

SYSTEM: a computer is often referred to a computer system. Therefore, a system is a collection of parts working together towards achieving a common goal.

Address: the unique number that specifies a memory location

ATX: advance technology extended a motherboard form factor

AT: the dimension and layout of the motherboard

Bus a subsystem that transfer data between computer components inside a computer

Blue-ray disc an optical disc storage medium designed to supersede the DVD format

BASIC beginners all-purpose symbolic instruction code Cache a fast memory that transparently improves the performance of a larger, but slower memory or storage device

CD-R compact disc-recorder

CD-RW: compact disc rewritable

CHIP: integrated circuit

Core memory: in modern usage a synonym for main memory

Computer case: computer chassis, cabinet, box,

RAM: random access memory

ROM: read only memory

Central processing unit (CPU)

Zero insertion force (ZIF)

Hard disk drive (HDD)

Network interface card (NIC)

Wireless fidelity (wifi)

Third Generation (3G)

Advanced Technology Extended (ATX)

Parallel Advanced Technology Attachment (PATA)

Serial Advanced Technology Attachment (SATA)

Basic input/output system (BIOS)

Complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS)

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Full Project – Computer system assembly and networking