Full Project – ROLE OF NON GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS (NGO) IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
It is no exaggeration to state from the beginning that our rural arrears have been deliberately milked to impoverishment and to the advantages of the urban areas. This ugly condition of the rural area dates back to the colonial era of Nigeria under the British government. This imbalance in development was inherited at independence and carried along successive government during the abundant natural resources in the rural areas were explored. Any attempts to develop such areas, the political and administrative institution were public decision making. Power in reality was more concentrated and centralized that dispersed especially at the federal level of power as a result of this type of political structure,
This was a clear demarcation between the urban and rural areas development. The urban areas being the seats of government were developed at the expense of the rural areas. In recent times, the issue of rural development has become crucial in the political, social and economic life of nation. This is as a result of the realization of fact that the rural areas and their inhabitants constitute about 70 percentage of the nation population. In order to bring about real development in the rural areas, there must exist active collaboration between government, non-governmental organization and communication with the rural people.
The rural people need to be recognized and helped by the government to enable them form cooperation and productive organization. They should be encouraged to participate actively in the decision making process for the determination of societal goals.
Since the past few decades, various non-governmental organization have shown interest in the development of rural areas. Various communities that have not benefited from the limited financial resource of the government have embarked on development project. It has stimulated and galvanized individuals into activities participation in social economic activities of the nation and has also brought development to the grassroots.
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
Developments of the rural areas have been a constant issue in Nigeria’s recent economic and political history. In order to bring this into reality, there is need to evolve a system that would activate the participation and support of the rural people.
Having this in mind, the non-governmental organization has been making a move to support government in the bid to develop rural areas. Nevertheless, some problems have been consistent that necessitated the writing of this project work which are:
- Inadequate government presence in the rural areas.
- Lack of basic amenities in the rural areas.
- The absence of good medical services in the rural areas.
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The objective of this work is:
- Examine the role being played by non-governmental organization in the development of rural areas.
- To identify the causes of low rate of involvement of the non-government organization in the developmental activities in rural area.
- To ascertain the reason for the inadequate government presence in rural areas.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTION
- What are the roles played by non-governmental organization in the development of rural areas?
- What are the causes of low rate of involvement of the non-governmental organization in the development activities in the rural areas?
- What are the reasons for the inadequate government presence in rural areas?
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
Understanding the role of NGOs in rural development in Nigeria is crucial for several reasons. Firstly, Nigeria is a country with a significant rural population, and addressing the development needs of these areas is essential for overall national progress. NGOs play a vital role in filling the gaps left by government initiatives and providing much-needed support to rural communities.
The study of NGOs in rural development in Nigeria also sheds light on the effectiveness of these organizations in addressing specific challenges faced by rural communities. By examining their strategies, approaches, and outcomes, researchers can identify best practices and areas for improvement. This knowledge can then be used to enhance the impact of NGOs and ensure that their efforts align with the needs and aspirations of rural populations.
Additionally, studying the role of NGOs in rural development in Nigeria helps to highlight the importance of community participation and empowerment. NGOs often work closely with local communities, involving them in decision-making processes and capacity-building activities. Understanding the dynamics of this partnership can provide valuable insights into how to foster sustainable development and ensure that interventions are locally relevant and owned.
Another significant aspect of studying NGOs in rural development in Nigeria is the exploration of the challenges and constraints faced by these organizations. From limited funding and resources to bureaucratic hurdles, NGOs often encounter various obstacles in their efforts to drive rural development. By identifying these challenges, researchers can contribute to the development of policies and strategies that support and enable the work of NGOs in Nigeria.
Furthermore, the study of NGOs in rural development in Nigeria can contribute to the broader discourse on development theories and practices. It allows for a critical examination of the role of external actors in development processes and the implications of their interventions. This analysis can help shape more inclusive and context-specific approaches to rural development, moving beyond a one-size-fits-all model.
Lastly, understanding the role of NGOs in rural development in Nigeria is essential for fostering collaboration and partnerships between different stakeholders. By studying successful examples of NGO-led initiatives, researchers can identify opportunities for collaboration with government agencies, private sector entities, and other development actors. This collaboration can lead to more comprehensive and sustainable development outcomes for rural communities in Nigeria.
1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This work explored the role of the non-governmental organization in the social and physical development of rural areas. The researcher assessed the level of involvement of non-governmental organization in the development of the rural areas. They are locally with regards to the social economic and political like of the people. The work did not cover the role of religious, cultural and administrative organization in the development of rural areas rather the scope covered the non-governmental organizations operating in Owerri West L.G.A.
1.7 LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
Time was the major limitation of work. It was not encouraging because the researcher has to go and prepare for examines among other and as a result too little time was devoted to the study.
Further finance was another major limitation of this work because of inadequate finance, the researcher found it very difficult to buy test books, journals etc for reference purpose hence the use of few ones in the school library for reference purpose.
1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS
- Non Governmental Organization: In this study are conceptualized as any non-governmental group of two or more people coming together to perform some activities that lead to the accomplishment of objectives. These organizations are age grades, town unions, cultural groups, philanthropist organization etc.
- Development: For the purpose of this study, development implies any form of improvement, progress, positive change that improves the living condition of the people in a particular community.
- Rural Areas: Rural areas are characterized by depleted workforce rudimentary and inefficient availability of basic infrastructure and social amenities such as safe portable all season roads, telecommunication, electricity, schools, medical facilities recreational facilities and social awareness.
- Rural Development: According to Michael, Olisa and Obiukwu (1992), rural development involves a process by which the people efforts are united with those of the government to improve the social economic and cultural conditions of the community integration of the community into the life of the national rural development. It involves comprehensive change in the cultural economic, social, educational and political affairs of the people designed basically to make themselves reliant.
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Full Project – ROLE OF NON GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS (NGO) IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA