Full Project – ISSUE ON PREMARITAL SEX AMONG CHRISTIAN YOUTHS
The study examined the issue on premarital sex among Christian youths. Four objectives of the study stated to find out: Whether there is any significant difference in the attitude of youths towards sexual activities of male and female students in Ilorin East Secondary; Whether there is any significant difference in the attitude of youths towards sexual activities of young and old secondary school in Ilorin East; Whether there is any significant difference in the attitude of youths towards sexual activities of secondary school student from self-employed and government employed parents; Whether there is any significant difference in the attitude of youths towards sexual activities of secondary school student from illiterate and literate parents. The target population of this study consists of secondary student in Ilorin East metropolis. The study concluded that attitude significantly influence youths toward sexual activities. The study recommended that Health educators should rise to the challenge of organizing enlightenment activities in schools in order to provide adequate reproductive health information to students and parents. Again, Parents should conduct themselves in such a way as to serve as models to their children. This means that they should do what they teach their children at home.
Background to the Study
Premarital sex is the involvement in sexual intercourse by persons who have not engaged in marital vow or culturally recognized as having been enrolled in marriage institution. Although marriage rites take different forms depending on cultural permissiveness, nevertheless the major thrust is the acceptance by the society. In most cases, premarital sex is not always a problem to individuals who are sexually matured since they may view it as a natural response to a natural stimulus.
However, premarital sex is morally unacceptable in almost every human society that regards marriage as the legitimate requirement for sexual permissiveness, and especially among youths who are considered vulnerable to health – related problems. Both Christianity and Islam (the major religions in Nigeria) vehemently oppose premarital sex and thus prescribed specific punishment for culprits.
In Christianity, the Holy Bible states that: “… the marriage bed should be kept pure, for God will judge… all the sexually immoral” (Heb.13:4). In this context, keeping the marriage bed holy suggests abstinence from sex before marriage while sexually immoral refers to any unacceptable sexual acts particularly premarital sex. Thus, it is also clear that Christian faithfuls are prohibited from engaging in sex before marriage (premarital sex).
“Sexual permssiveness” or what Oshunrinde (1992) called “the growing rate of sexual irresponsibility’s especially among youths” seem to be on the increase. In her own opinion, Adelaya (1986) asserted that modern day Nigerians have made sex one of the most discussed subjects. She also noted that our forefathers pretended as if sex does not exist by placing some taboos on it, whereas modern Nigerians pretend that nothing else exists other than sex.
Increasing rate of teenage sexual activity can be substantiated by numerous reports of unintended pregnancies, illegal abortion and dumping of unwanted babies (Owuamanam, 1984). According to him, there is also visible evidence of different forms of sexual aberrations among Nigerian youths as demonstrated by cases of prostitution, illegitimacy and sexual exploitation including rape.
Owuamanam (1984) explained that the present time can be described as a period of “sex exposition” and “sex permissiveness” Sofola (1990), discussing on the sexual sex as no more sanctity and it is no more a big deal. This is why it happens anywhere, on the lawn, under a tree, in the boot of a car or in the classroom.
The tragedy of youth sexuality is that young people engage in sexual activities with limited knowledge of what is involved. Providing authentic sex information through counselling and sex education is an aspect of sexuality that ought to engage society’s attention rather than youth’s participation in the activities.
In the pursuit of education, students leave their home for school and are no longer under the strict supervision of their parents. Most of them get exposed to western life styles more than ever and thus get engaged in premarital sexual affairs which they regard as due marks of civilization. Nigeria youths, according to Elimian (1985), are rarely exposed to sex through pomography in imported films, books, magazine, T.V. without a proper sense of responsibility. One has the feelings that since the advent of various contraceptives, there has been an increasing pressure on female youths to be more casual about sexual relationship.
According to the result of an intense in-depth survey carried out, premarital and extramarital intercourse is relatively common among Yoruba men and women, with the men reporting consistently more sexual partners and more frequent intercourse than women (Orubuloye, Caldwell and Caldwell, 1991). The investigator commented that this level of sexual networking is so high that the society is dangerously exposed to sexual transmitted diseases.
The sexual behaviour of youths have been of particular interest and the conception has been that youth is a period of intense sexual drive and experimentation (Owuamanam, 1982). However, although Soyinka (1979) was of the view that the “importance of purity” before marriage is fast dying out in Nigeria, Owuamanam (1982) stated that the issue of sexual revolution among Nigerian youths is a matter of speculation as a relatively few empirical studies have been carried out on Nigerian youths’ sexual behaviours.
Although, sexuality can be explained within a biological and developmental framework, it is equally important to search for cultural and social correlates. It may therefore be erroneous to view youth across cultural and social boundaries and expect to find similar sexual behaviour (Owuamanam, 1982). In fact, as Grinder (1973) rightly pointed out, the meaning of sex for various people depends upon the social context in which it develops. Also, related to this is time or period of studies. The behaviour of an individual one year ago may be different from his behaviour this year. Research evident abounds, indicating that youths are changing in their attitudes to sexual behaviour (Coleman, 1980). Essentially, if comparisons are drawn between the attitudes of youth today and those of youths twenty or thirty years ago, there will be important differences.
Youth of today seem to value sexual activities more than their counterparts in the yesteryears. Conger (1983) observed: Of all the developmental events of youth, the most dramatic is the increase in sexual drive and the new and often mysterious feelings and thought that accompany integration of sexuality with other aspects of the emerging sense of self without having to undergo too much conflict and anxiety in contemporary society with its changing sex roles and peculiar mixture of permissiveness and prudery. This is not an easy task to master.
Many adults, according to Kaplan (1983), view youth sexuality as behaviour comparable to using illegal drugs. To them (i.e. to the adults), these behaviours are morally wrong, dangerous to the persons involved and are signs of the young person’s rebellion against adults. Youths on other hand, see sex as a behaving like adults and exercising their right to explore and understand their own bodies. Youth sexuality thus represents another source of conflict with the adults’ society (Owuamanam, 1984). Youths find adult sanction against their sexuality difficult to acceptance adults themselves are engaging in the same acts and in fact most often find their sexuality difficult to handle responsibly. The adults too often go against the codes of responsible adults’ sexuality by engaging in extra-marital sexual behaviour.
As it has been repeatedly stated in this proposal sexual activities among youths appear to be more prevalent today than ever. An increase in liberal attitudes and sexual awareness among teenagers has resulted in the association of our correct teenage population with a “sexual revolution” (Owuamanam 1982). Pregnancy, abortion, contraception and venereal diseases (V.D), and even AIDS/HIV infection are issues in this “revolution”.
While two declares age, teenagers were reaching reproductive maturity at the age of 17 to 18, which was about the time they were also becoming intellectually mature, today these two events are completely dissociated (Short, 1974). Now, sexual maturity and inset of sexual interests now precede the intellectual maturity.
Other influential factors that enhance “sexual revolution”, according to Serderowitz and Paxman (1985) Are earlier initiation of sexual activity; social change and modernization including educational opportunities; a lengthening of the socially defined period of youth; increase in the percentages of sexually active females particularly unmarried youths; delayed age at married; and relaxation of the traditional family’s constraints on sexuality.
Statement of the Problem
In Nigeria a number of studies have shown that sexual activity among youths particularly the unmarried, is not only high but rising (Oladipo, 1983) this bespeaks the need for increased knowledge and use of contraception to prevent the risk of contracting venereal diseases and or unwanted pregnancy is inadvisable, a high proportion of students in Ilorin East both male and female, are currently sexually achieve and may engage in sexual activities. This may be detrimental to their education and future career.
But these activities could have been influenced by significant other or object in youths’ lives. For example, parents may be permissive to allow their children to art freely. They may talk or act sexually in the presence of the child or even neglect their functions to them. They may wrongly learn these from them all these may exert influence on them.
In view of the above, the study investigated Issue on premarital sex among Christian youthsin Ilorin East.
In another study carried out in 1981/82 in Ilorin East, of 900 never married female youths, aged 14 – 25 years, it was discovered that 55 percent were sexually experienced, 46 percent of these were pregnant at least once and nearly all of them had terminated their pregnancy through induced abortion (Sulaiman & Azeogu, 1992).
Purpose of the Study
This research has set out to conduct a study to determine the level of the sexual activities secondary school students in Ilorin East town. Knowledge and extent of their use of contraceptive devices.
- Whether there is any significant difference in the attitude of youths towards sexual activities of male and female students in Ilorin East Secondary.
- Whether there is any significant difference in the attitude of youths towards sexual activities of young and old secondary school in Ilorin East.
- Whether there is any significant difference in the attitude of youths towards sexual activities of secondary school student from self employed and government employed parents.
- Whether there is any significant difference in the attitude of youths towards sexual activities of secondary school student from illiterate and literate parents.
What are the attitudes of youths towards sexual activities among unmarried female students of secondary school students in Ilorin East?
From the foregoing therefore, the following relevant questions are raised:
- To what are the attitudes of youths towards sexual activities unmarried female students of secondary school students in Ilorin East.
- Is there any a significant difference in the attitude of youths towards sexual activities and female secondary school?
- Is there any significant different in the attitude of youths towards sexual of young and old secondary school students?
- Is there any significant difference in the attitude of youths towards sexual activities of students from self compared and government employed parents?
- Is there any significant difference in the factors influences premarital sexual activities of students from illiterate and literature parents?
The following hypotheses where tested in the study:
- There is no significant difference in the premarital activities of male and female students in Ilorin East Secondary.
- There is no significant difference in the attitude of youths towards sexual activities of young and old secondary school in Ilorin East.
- There is no significant difference in the attitude of youths towards sexual activities of secondary school student from self employed and government employed parents.
- There is no significant difference in the attitude of youths towards sexual activities of secondary school student from illiterate and literate parents.
Significance of the Study
All over the world, youth are regarded as the most valuable human asset for national development. As potential parents and leaders, youths’ sexual attitudes and behaviours determine to a large extent the direction of the society.
Therefore, a study of youth sexual behaviour in Nigeria is important and significant not only because of the health, social, economic and possibly, psychological repercussions of youth sexuality, but for two major demographic reasons as well. The first is the sheer size of the youth population; about one person out of every five in Nigeria is between ages 10 and 19 (Makinwa – Adebusoye, 1992).
Finally, school guidance counsellors will benefit from the results of this study in that it will enable them to understand better the sexual problems of Nigerian youths, and why these youths sometimes use premarital sexual behaviour to “solve” some of their emotional problems. Thus, counsellors will be well equipped to counsel then on sexual behavioural problems or problems related to, or affected by it.
Delimitation and Scope of the Study
The study was limited to mention them here population sample because of financial and time constraints. The study was restricted to selected secondary schools both in private and public schools in Ilorin East Local Government Area of Kwara State, which was randomly sample. The study is limited to the comparing analysis of resources management in public and private secondary school in Ilorin East Local Government Educational.
Definition of Terms (Operational Definitions)
For the purpose of this study therefore, the following terms are operationally defined as follows:
Abortion: This is defined as any act performed to terminate a pregnancy prior to birth.
Youth: – Is a young person or teenager, who is no longer a child and also not yet an adult.
Family Planning: This is a control, by means of contraceptive measure, of the timing and number of births in a family.
Knowledge of Contraceptives: This is what a person known or understands by contraceptives.
Premarital Sexual Behaviour: This is the involvement of the unmarried person in sexual behaviour.
Sex Education: – Aspect of education that makes the youth become knowledgeable about sex and sexuality behaviours and which helps to develop wholesome attitudes towards those behaviour.
Sexual Intercourse: – Union of the genitalia of two persons of the opposite sex.
Teenage: – This is a period of sexual actualization when the children go through development of secondary sexual characteristics.
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Full Project – ISSUE ON PREMARITAL SEX AMONG CHRISTIAN YOUTHS