Full Project – INFLUENCE OF SCHOOL ENVIRONMENT ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE AMONG BIOLOGY STUDENT IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL
The performance in Biology in public secondary schools has been poor and the purpose of this study was to identify factors responsible for the poor performance. The study also identified ways in which teachers envisage to improve the performance. The qualitative research methodology was adopted. Data was collected from four schools through structured questionnaire. Data was analysed from the perspective of the General System Theory. The results of the study show that performance in Biology was affected by factors such as human, environmental, information, financial resources, and the transformation processes. The study also suggests ways of improving the performance.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Table of content
1.1 Background of the study
1.2 Statement of problem
1.3 Objective of the study
1.4 Research Hypotheses
1.5 Significance of the study
1.6 Scope and limitation of the study
1.7 Definition of terms
1.8 Organization of the study
3.0 Research methodology
3.1 sources of data collection
3.3 Population of the study
3.4 Sampling and sampling distribution
3.5 Validation of research instrument
3.6 Method of data analysis
DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION
4.2 Data analysis
- Background of the study
Learning is enhance when given in a rich environment ,if the classroom environment is conducive and has all necessary learning facilities that is ,the more conducive school environment is, the greater the opportunity to learn ,in other words, a bare and hostile classroom and school environment offer little stimulation to learning (Anyanwu and Izuagba 2009) .The school environment includes the class room libraries , laboratories, football field, building, peers, teaching method, teachers quarters, technical workshop,etc The environment here includes both physical psychological and social environment, mutual relationship between the students and the teachers.The environment should be made to suit the purpose of learning.
The teacher/learner is at center of the teaching and learning process; all energies spent by the teacher in and outside the classroom and in the school environment are aimed at ensuring positive all round development.
Thus, the school is an established institution where the behavior of a child is shaped to get him equipped for a meaningful living in the society, the school environment should possess features essential for achieving the goals of education.
In essence, the following areas of the school are recognized to have positive influence on the academic performance of the child,the school building,the school infrastructure,and the school personnel.(Izuagba and Obiefuna 2009)
Glassman (2000) asserted that comfortable and caring environment among other treatment helps to enhance students academic performance. The school facilities and infrastructures are essential for the realization of the educational objectives, facilities such as white board,projector ,notice board, clock, bell, chairs, tables,desk,first aid box,textbooks etc ,are necessary for effective administration of schools,
School environment refers to the instructional administrative circulation and therefore school environment remains an important area that should be studied and well managed to enhance students academic performance (Oluchukwu 2000). The extent to which students learning could be enhanced depends on their interaction within the school premises, the structure of their classroom, availability of instructional facilities and accessories (Ajao, 2000), it is believed that a well planned school will gear up expected outcome of education that will facilitate good social political and economic emancipation, effective teaching and learning process and academic performance of the students.
Environment is one of the major factor that determine an individual’s capacity to learn and also provides basis for success in future achievement, therefore,this calls for conceited efforts on the parts of the parents, educators and government to provide adequate school facilities such as well equipped laboratories, functional libraries, and sporting facilities to enhance the intellectual and academic performance of the school effects on teachers students and the learning process, poor ventilation ,noise, high penetration of carbon dioxide into the classroom, inconsistent temperature makes teaching and learning difficult,poor maintenance and ineffective ventilation system leads to poor health among students as well as teachers which in evitable leads to poor health among students as well as teachers which inevitably lead to poor academic performance(Ostender and Lyon 2001), believe that these factors can adversely affect students behaviour and also lead to rate of frustration among teachers and poor leaning attitude among student.
The academic performance of students in Nigeria has been of great concern to the government, teachers, parent and the students themselves, the standard of education does not depend only on the teacher as reflected in the performance of their duties but also in the effective co—ordination of the school environment (Ajao,2000) Beyond the direct effect which these inadequate facilities have on students ability to learn , it’s combination with other facilities such as instructional aid and infrastructure creates uncomfortable frustrating work space for teacher as well as unconducive atmosphere for the students which manifests in poor concentration and hyperactivity, thereby creating a stressful set of working condition for teachers (Ajayi, 2003).Therefore stress and job dissatisfaction are common precursors which lowers teachersenthusing,hence the above mentioned characteristics of school facilities have effects upon the academic performance of the students ,the school cannot operate in isolation of its immediate social, physicalenvironment, this is because what happen in the immediate environment help to determine the curriculum and the quality of
teachers available to the school any point in time. The nature of environmentaL student passes through can either hinder orfacilitate his ability at acquiring knowledge (Ajayi 2003)
Frazier (2002), Opined that the Psycho-SocioPhysical
Factors that affect learning are;
- The learning environment
- The learning
- The teacher
The physical factor in learning deals with the environment where actual teaching and learning takes place physical factors are completely outside the learners control ,most of the child’s teaching and learning normally take place either in the classroom or laboratory, therefore,there is need for a productive learning environment which according to; Arends(2005), is one where students have positive attitude towards themselves and their classroom that is their fellow student or peers and where they display a high degree of academic performance ,both motivation and involvement, in academic tasks.
Teacher’s decision and action also help to shape the classroom environment .the class room environment must be designed to support intellectual risk taking and foster intrinsic motivation so that students will be creative and self-reliance in their learning .Teachers have to create the right attitude in students towards learning and to gain their leadership functions as enabling activities that is establishing the condition and interacting with students in ways that enhance their learning (Miller2010).
To this end, there is need to study the influence of school environment on the academic performance of ss2 biology students in Aba North Local Government Area of Abia state,
1.2 Statement of the Problem
Most schools are faced with problems such as inadequate libraries, classroom,staffroom,laboratory, teaching equipments like instructional aids, andtechnical workshop
These problems have posed great challenges to the teaching and learning process and also hinder the academic performance of Nigerian students. It is generally believed that if the learning environment is conducive ,and availability of teaching materials, biology students in secondary schools will be more educated and there will be less risk of low academic performance, hence does the inadequacy, associated. With inadequate libraries, classroom, teaching equipment among other hinder academic performance of ss2 biology students in Aba North local Government area of Abia state.
1.3 Purpose of the Study
The main objective of the study is to ascertain the Influence of school environment on academic performance among biology student in senior secondary school in Aba North Local government area of Abia state .
The study will specifically aim at the following;
- To find out the extent which school teaching equipment and instructional materials influence student academic achievement.
- To find out the rate to which school Location affect theacademic performance of biology student in secondary school
- To identify the influence of class size on the academic performance of student in secondary school.
1.4 Significance of the Study
This study will be beneficial of the following:
- Guidance Counselor
- The School
With the help of the study the teachers should develop and establish instructional programmes, make use of instructional aids, establish effective method of teacher and adopt good leadership style.
This study will enable the students to observe and recognize some school environment factor and the effect on their academic performance. It will also help them to make appropriate amendment where necessary.
The result of this study will help parents to contribute to the up keep and development of the school environment financially and materially through the organization of parent — teacher Association (P T A) a meeting conducted in school.
Guidance counselors will benefit from this study it will enable thisgroup of people to lead the student in their right and appropriate future career base on their academic performance.
The result of this study will help the school to appreciate the usefulness and benefit of conducive school environment for biology student it will also create room for proper amendment awareness and comparison among different schools.
1.5 Research Question
(1)To what extent do teaching equipment and instruction materials influence students’ academic performance?
(2)To what extent does school location influence the academic performance of secondary school students?
(3)To what extent does class size influence the academic performance of students in secondary school?
1.6 Research Hypotheses
The following research hypotheses were formulated by the researcher to aid the completion of the study;
H0: teaching equipment and instruction materials does not influence students’ academic performance
H1: teaching equipment and instruction materials does influence students’ academic performance
H0: school location does not influence the academic performance of secondary school students
H2: school location does influence the academic performance of secondary school students
1.6 Scope of the Study
This study focuses on the influence of school environment on the academic performance of biology student in all the public Senior Secondary Schools in Aba North Local Government Area of Abia state.
The study is delimited to:
- Class size (Small and large class size).
- School location
- Instructional materials (equipment).
1.7 OPERATIONAL DEFINITION OF TERMS
School environment, also known as school climate, refers to the look and feel of a school. How students feel at school can influence how successful they are. A school’s environment is often affected by its values, rules, safety, and discipline policies
Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their physical structure, chemical processes, molecular interactions, physiological mechanisms, development and evolution
Instructional materialsare the tools used in educational lessons, which includes active learning and assessment.
1.8 ORGANIZATION OF THE STUDY
This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows
Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study. Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature. Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study. Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding. Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study
Get the Complete Project
This is a premium project material and the complete research project plus questionnaires and references can be gotten at an affordable rate of N3,000 for Nigerian clients and $8 for international clients.
You can also check other Research Project here:
- Accounting Project Topics
- Actuarial Science
- Adult Education Project Topics
- African Languages And Linguistics Studies
- Agricultural Economics And Extension
- Agricultural Science
- Animal Health Science
- Arts Education
- Banking & Finance
- Banking and Finance
- Basic Science
- Biblical Theology & CRS
- Biblical Theology and CRS
- Biology Research Project
- Botany Research project Topics
- Business Administration
- Business Education
- Business Plan
- Chemical Engineering Project Topics
- Civil Engineering Project Topics
- Climate Change Project
- Computer Engineering Project
- Computer Science
- Computer Science Topics
- Criminology Research Project
- Degree Project Topics
- Dissertation-Theses Writing Services (MBA MSc PhD)
- Dissertations/Theses Writing Services
- Early Childhood Education Research Project Topics and Material
- Economics Project Topics
- Edu 1
- Education Research Project
- Educational Administration and Planning Research Project
- Educational Technology
- Engineering Research Project Topics
- English Education
- Environmental Sciences Research Project
- Fine Art
- Fishery Project Topics
- Food Science And Technology
- Free Essay
- French Research Project Material
- Full Project
- Full Project Topics
- Geography Research Project Material
- Guidance and Counselling Research Project
- History Education
- Home Economics Project
- Hospitality Management
- Human Kinetics and Health Education
- Human Resource Management Project
- Industrial Relations & Personnel Management Project Topics
- Insurance Research Project
- International Relations
- Library Science
- Life Matter
- Linguistics and Communication Project Topics
- Maritime and Transportation
- Marketing Research Project
- Mass Communication
- Master Dissertation Thesis
- Mathematics Education
- MBA MSc BSc Thesis/Dissertation Project Topics
- Medical Biochemistry Project
- Mental Health Project Topics
- Operation and Production Management
- Organizational Behaviour
- Organizational Behaviour Research Project Writer
- Pol 1
- Pol 2
- Political Science
- Private Policy
- Public Administration
- Public Health Research Project
- Purchasing and Supply Chain Management Topic
- Quantity Surveying
- Research Project
- Research Project Topic
- Secretarial Administration
- Sickle Cell Research Project Topics
- Statistics Project Topics
- Transportation Management
- Vocational Education Project Topics
Full Project – INFLUENCE OF SCHOOL ENVIRONMENT ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE AMONG BIOLOGY STUDENT IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL