Full Project – INFLUENCE OF FAMILY STRUCTURE ON CHILD’S SOCIAL BEHAVIOUR
1.1 Background to the Study
A child’s family structure refers to the makeup of a child’s household. This can include the number of parents in the home (single parent, two parents, etc.), the presence of siblings, whether the parents are biological or adoptive, and if there are other relatives or non-relatives living in the home. Family structure can also refer to the relationships and interactions between these members. It’s a significant factor in a child’s development and can influence various aspects of a child’s life, including their social behavior (Amato, 2005).
Social behavior refers to the way individuals interact with each other. It encompasses a wide range of behaviors, from communication and cooperation to conflict and competition. In humans, social behavior is influenced by a variety of factors, including cultural norms, personal experiences, and biological predispositions. It’s a crucial aspect of our lives, as it affects our relationships, our work, and our overall well-being. In the context of child development, social behavior can include how a child interacts with their peers, their ability to form and maintain friendships, their understanding of social rules and norms, and their ability to empathize with others.
The influence of family structure on a child’s social behavior is a significant area of study in psychology and sociology. Family structure, which can include nuclear families, single-parent families, blended families, extended families, and others, can have a profound impact on a child’s development and social behavior.
In nuclear families, children may have the opportunity to observe and learn from the interactions between both parents, which can shape their social skills and behavior. However, the dynamics can vary greatly depending on the parents’ relationship and communication styles. Single-parent families, on the other hand, may present different challenges and opportunities for a child’s social behavior. The single parent’s ability to balance parenting and other responsibilities can influence the child’s social development.
Blended families, which include step-parents and step-siblings, can also influence a child’s social behavior. The process of integrating into a new family structure can affect a child’s social skills and behavior. Extended families, where grandparents or other relatives are involved in raising the child, can also have a significant impact. The involvement of multiple generations can provide a broader social environment for the child.
Studies have shown that children from these families often exhibit more balanced social behaviors, possibly due to the presence of both parental figures and the opportunity for sibling interaction (Cavanagh & Huston, 2006).
Research indicates that children from single-parent households may face more social challenges, potentially due to the lack of a primary parental figure. However, the resilience and adaptability of these children are also often highlighted. Childhood is also the time when human beings are particularly susceptible and responsive to external experiences. Bornstein(1998), further stated that human childhood duration is prolonged than any living creature for parental influence to be impacted to the individual. The opportunity to enhance parental influence, and prolonged learning, is thought to be the evolutionary reason for the extended duration of human childhood.
The dynamics in these families can be complex, and children’s social behaviors may vary widely. Some studies suggest that children in blended families may struggle with social behaviors initially but can adapt over time. According to Agulanna (1999), the family lays the psychosocial, moral and spiritual foundations in the overall development of the child, while the mother’s significant role in this cannot be over-emphasized.
The broken family also called single parent family is not structurally intact for various reasons; death of a parent, divorce, separation, dissertation and illegitimacy, adoption, artificial insemination, surrogate motherhood, or extramarital pregnancy. According to Callister (2006), in a dual parent family, parents are mainly responsible for the educational and career development of their children. Children tend to behave better when both parents are present.
Early research suggests that children from these families show no significant differences in social behavior compared to their peers from different family structures. The study showed that while family structure can influence a child’s social behavior, other factors such as parental involvement, socio-economic status, and the child’s individual personality also play crucial roles (Carlson, & Corcoran, 2001).
Overall, the influence of family structure on a child’s social behavior is a complex issue that involves a variety of factors, including the quality of relationships, communication styles, and the presence or absence of certain family members.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
The first issue is the changing dynamics of family structures. With the rise of single-parent households, blended families, and other non-traditional family structures, there is a need to understand how these changes influence a child’s social behavior.
Secondly, there is a lack of comprehensive research that takes into account the diversity of family structures. Many studies focus on traditional two-parent households, leaving a gap in our understanding of how different family structures impact a child’s social behavior.
Thirdly, the influence of family structure on a child’s social behavior is a complex issue that is likely influenced by a variety of factors. These can include parental involvement, socio-economic status, and the presence of siblings, among others.
Lastly, there is a need for more longitudinal studies that track the influence of family structure on a child’s social behavior over time. This would provide a more complete picture of how family structure impacts social behavior throughout a child’s development.
1.3 Objective of the Study.
The study examines the influence of family structure on child’s social behaviour
The objectives are to:
- find out if social behaviour affect children with two parents families
- Examine the social behaviour of children single parent.
- Challenges of social behaviour on children with mixed parents families.
1.4 Research Questions
The following are the research Questions:
- To what extent will social behavior affect children with two parents families?
- What are the social behavior of children single parent?
- What are the Challenges of social behaviour on children with mixed parents families?
HO: There is no relationship between Social behaviour and two parents families.
H1: There is relationship between Social behaviour and two parents families.
1.6 Significance of the Study.
The rationale for studying the influence of family structure on a child’s social behavior is multifaceted and deeply rooted in the fields of psychology, sociology, and child development. Family structure, which refers to the makeup of a child’s household, including the number of parents, siblings, and other relatives living in the home, as well as the relationships among them, is a fundamental aspect of a child’s environment. It is the first social context a child encounters, and it significantly shapes their social skills, attitudes, and behaviors.
Research has shown that different family structures can have varying impacts on a child’s social behavior. For instance, children from single-parent families, blended families, or families with same-sex parents may have different social experiences compared to those from two-parent, heterosexual households. These differences can manifest in various ways, such as the child’s ability to form and maintain relationships, their behavior in school, or their likelihood to engage in risky behaviors. Therefore, understanding the influence of family structure on a child’s social behavior is crucial for developing effective interventions and policies to support children from all types of families.
Moreover, the study of family structure’s influence on a child’s social behavior is particularly relevant in today’s society, where the definition of ‘family’ is evolving. With increasing rates of divorce, remarriage, and non-traditional family structures, it is essential to understand how these changes may affect children’s social development. This knowledge can inform educators, policymakers, and parents, helping them to provide environments that foster healthy social behavior regardless of family structure.
1.7. Scope of the Study
The Study examines influence of family structure on child’s social behaviour. The study is limited to Lagos
1.8. Definition of Terms
Family structure: Family structure refers to the combination of relatives that comprise a family.
Child Behaviour: Child behavior, it refers to the range of manners and actions exhibited by children in response to various stimuli or situations.
Social behaviour: Social behavior refers to the way individuals interact with each other.
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