Full Project – FAMILY BACKGROUND VARIABLES AND STUDENTS ATTITUDE TO STUDIES IN YENAGOA LGA, BAYELSA STATE
The purpose of the study is to find out the Family background variables and students attitude to studies in Yenagoa LGA ,Bayelsa state in Yenagoa LGA of Bayelsa State. The literature review was done through reading of textbooks newspapers and journals the method adopted were the questionnaires. The data got from the questionnaires were collected into figures and percentages which are show in tabular from. The responses from the data collected revealed that the socio-economic of the parents, residence and the size of the family affects the academic performance of students. Finally, recommendations to the above effect of home background on students academic performance in Yenagoa West LGA are made and some of that include the following. Parents should try as much as possible to give much affection and encouragement to their children in order, which their children would be motivated which could boost their academic performance parents should have the number of children that they can easily cater for early upbringing of a child plays a vital role in (later) education of the child.
- Background of the study
Family background variables refer to various factors related to a student’s family, such as parental education level, socioeconomic status, family structure, and cultural background. These variables can have a significant impact on a student’s attitude towards studies.
In many studies, researchers have found a positive correlation between parental education level and students’ attitude towards studies. Students whose parents have higher levels of education tend to have a more positive attitude towards their studies. This could be because parents with higher education levels often value education and encourage their children to do well academically.
An education system in any society both reflects and adopts itself to the political and economic circumstances of that society. Nigeria a developing country is not let out in this race to educate her citizens to build her manpower to meet the need of our ever changing world. In accordance with this, various administrations have adopted various policy measures in making sure that the education policy is properly implemented. There had been a change from the old system of education, which was inherited from our colonial masters, to the 6-3-3-4 system. All these are in attempt to establish a good educational system that is geared towards obtaining good performance in educational attainment of students (James, 2008).
Cultural background is another important family background variable that can influence students’ attitude towards studies. Different cultures may have different values and expectations regarding education, which can shape students’ attitudes. For example, in some cultures, academic success may be highly valued and prioritized, leading to a more positive attitude towards studies.
However, it is rather paradoxical or true that while some students have good performance, others do not have but do poorly in terms of education. When the students are successful, there is no course for concern but when the students are unsuccessful, it gives course for concern. Some countries like Nigeria have been characterized by this kind of lapses. Much blame has usually been leveled on the school authority as well as teachers attitude towards teaching. In this regard very few people care to think of other factors which might be responsible for student’s poor academic performance at school. The factors include usefulness and meaningfulness of materials learnt, mental retardation. Student’s age, classroom atmosphere and students home background and so forth. On this account, it is convey of backwardness asser5ted that background of a child affects his educational achievement. In the word of Bumpass (2009) background may be due to individual courses such as poor health, emotional disturbances and mental retardation. Family background of students determines how the child views himself and the way he views others.
The society is a function of these two factors. In other words, the environment of the child at home determines his behaviour as well as how he relates with others. However, the essential factor inherent in a home or family is the socio-economic, cultural and psychological factors. Culturally, the behavioural pattern among families differs from each other. While in some there is a sound cordial understanding or relationship between parents and children. While in some other, because of the cultural sanctions or taboos they observe their seem to be autocratic atmosphere in the home. This therefore influence students behaviour at school as opined by Musgrave (1975) students who have much affection from the parents and guardians tend to perform better in school than those who have less or no affection from their parents emotionally, they may become depressed whish could hinder their academic performance. The socio-economic status of parents is another decisive factor, which could influence student’s performance. It is observed that students from well to do (affluent) home in most cases are more exposed and tend to do better than those from less affluent or very poor homes (Innis, Hartley, Polesel, & Teese, 2000). Since home is the primary unit and agent of socialization from which the fundamental education of the child begins, the success or failure of any students depends largely on the encouragement by members of the family.
Socioeconomic status is another important family background variable that can influence students’ attitude towards studies. Students from higher socioeconomic backgrounds often have more resources and opportunities available to them, which can contribute to a more positive attitude towards studies. On the other hand, students from lower socioeconomic backgrounds may face more challenges and barriers to academic success, which can impact their attitude towards studies.
Family structure is also a significant family background variable that can affect students’ attitude towards studies. Research has shown that students from single-parent households or households with a high level of conflict may have a more negative attitude towards studies. This could be due to the additional stress and responsibilities that these students may face, which can impact their motivation and engagement in their studies.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
One of the main problems associated with family background variables and students’ attitude towards studies is the lack of parental involvement. Many students come from families where their parents are either too busy or uninterested in their academic progress. This lack of support and guidance can lead to a negative attitude towards studies, as students may feel neglected or unimportant.
Another problem is the influence of socioeconomic status on students’ attitude towards studies. Students from low-income families often face financial constraints that can hinder their educational opportunities. This can lead to a lack of motivation and a negative attitude towards studies, as students may feel that their efforts will not yield significant results due to their disadvantaged background.
Family dynamics and relationships also play a crucial role in shaping students’ attitude towards studies. Conflict within the family, such as divorce or domestic violence, can create a stressful environment that negatively impacts students’ academic performance and attitude towards studies. Additionally, a lack of positive role models or support systems within the family can further contribute to a negative attitude towards studies.
The availability of educational resources at home is another problem associated with family background variables and students’ attitude towards studies. Students who do not have access to books, computers, or a quiet study space may struggle to develop a positive attitude towards studies. This lack of resources can hinder their ability to engage in independent learning and exploration, leading to a disinterest in academic pursuits.
Cultural factors also play a significant role in shaping students’ attitude towards studies. Some cultures prioritize other aspects of life over education, leading to a devaluation of academic achievement. This can result in students adopting a negative attitude towards studies, as they may not see the value or relevance of education in their lives.
Education generally, is a continuous process of enculturation, which begins from cradle (birth) and ends in grave. The type of education one receives determines his future potentials. Parents and guardians are ill-feeling about the harming rate of poor academic performance of students in school nowadays. What they do eventually is to call the teachers to questions the pupil’s poor performance. Little do they know that other factors apart from teacher’s abilities such as home background do influence pupil’s academic performance? The home being a primary unit of socialization and where most of children learning take place cannot be single or left out in identifying course of poor academic performance of a child.
Lastly, the lack of awareness and understanding of the importance of education within the family can contribute to a negative attitude towards studies. If parents or guardians do not emphasize the value of education or encourage their children to pursue academic goals, students may develop a disinterest or apathy towards their studies.
- OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The objectives of the study are;
- To ascertain the influence of the family background on student academic performance
- To ascertain the relationship between family size and academic performance
- To ascertain the influence of parental motivation on students’ academic achievement.
- To ascertain the influence of parental income on students’ academic achievement
- RESEARCH HYPOTHESES
The following have been put forward for testing
H0: there is no effect of the family background on student academic performance
H1: there is effect of the family background on student academic performance
H0: there is no relationship between family size and academic performance
H1: there is relationship between family size and academic performance
- SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The role of education in any society is very vital and a systematic study into student’s performance will be of immense use to educational planners, teachers, government officials and any other agency or persons that are interested in the progress of the students. The study is interested in carried out to enable parents acquire the basic knowledge which will help in the laying of good foundation for their children there by having good academic performance. This fact has risen because the home has the primary unit of socialization. Through this study, parents may identify the problems of poor home background and learn ways which will enhance good academic performance of their children. To the educational planners, the study will help them to know that individual differences arise from different home background in educational planning and administration. To guidance and counselling officer in the school, the knowledge of home background will enable him advise his students appropriately.
- SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
The scope of the study covers the Family background variables and students attitude to studies in Yenagoa LGA ,Bayelsa state. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;
- a) AVAILABILITY OF RESEARCH MATERIAL: The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study
- b) TIME: The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.
- c) Organizational privacy: Limited Access to the selected auditing firm makes it difficult to get all the necessary and required information concerning the activities.
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
Home: This could be seen as a place where one lives especially with one’s family.
Family: This is a group of people who are related to each other, especially father, mother and children.
Background: The traits of one’s family it can also be seen as the family way of life.
Performance: To carry out something better improve in ones study.
1.8 ORGANIZATION OF THE STUDY
This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows
Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study. Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature. Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study. Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding. Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study
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Full Project – FAMILY BACKGROUND VARIABLES AND STUDENTS ATTITUDE TO STUDIES IN YENAGOA LGA, BAYELSA STATE