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1.1 Background Of The Study

In today’s world, energy is viewed as an omnipresent commodity. Institutions (private corporations, governments, schools, colleges, and so on) and individuals alike rely heavily on consistent access to useable energy in all forms ( Creighton and Dewey, 1916). In the twenty-first century, energy (electrical) has become a vital commodity for the human race (Assmann, 2002), and as a result, global warming has increased, diminishing worldwide safety. Literacy, or the capacity to read and write, is a basic human right and the basis for lifelong learning. Literacy is defined as the capacity to understand the positive and negative aspects of a situation, and it is mostly acquired via formal education ( Claudio, 1988). Although renewable energy, energy legislation, energy efficiency devices, and energy conservation measures have been widely embraced in many countries throughout the world, energy education is one of the most important strategies to address future energy challenges. Energy education is critical at all levels of schooling and in the foreseeable future. In many (developed/developing) supply, this field of energy is progressively being integrated into the school curriculum.

Almost all professions utilize energy as a commodity to satisfy consumer expectations. As a result, energy was not considered a separate educational discipline, but rather was integrated into some aspects (energy conversion, conservation, transmission, utilization, extraction, and distribution) of some disciplines (e.g. electrical, chemical, and mechanical engineering, as well as physics) based on their relevance to students at that level. Energy education is the process of informing the general people about energy, what it implies, and how to utilize and make energy decisions. Energy education should be categorised according to the pupils or audience it is intended for. This education should not be restricted to the classroom; instead, a concerted effort should be made to create informal educational activities to reach out to the broader population. Energy-saving activities should be pushed on social media, and advertisements, banners, and slogans that promote energy conservation should be encouraged. Garg and Kandpal (1995) examine some of the most essential energy education topics. It is necessary to have a wide purpose for any educational program, and this proposed energy education system can follow the broad objectives stated below.

1.2 Statement Of The Problem

Most developing nations across the world, particularly those in Africa, continue to face significant energy issues in electricity generation. Nigeria, the research’s case study, nevertheless has a higher percentage of its people living in areas with insufficient or no power. Though energy education is required around the world, it is especially critical in poorer nations. Most developing nations are endowed with huge renewable energy resources, which are either underused or unutilized to this day, depending on the country. Although Nigeria’s solar potential is enormous, its underutilization or non-utilization is visible in the country’s electricity industry. (Global energy network, 2014): Some of the qualities accessible in underdeveloped nations that make energy education crucial include:

Most developing nations have excellent solar radiation potential, making energy education an important step forward in resource development.

Most of these nations are also oil producers, and the lack of energy knowledge experienced by the majority of their inhabitants prevents the country’s oil from being used to its full potential.

In the moment, only a few developing nations have special/specialized energy education programs at their educational institutions.

1.3 Objectives Of The Study

The.major objective of the study is the evaluation of energy literacy among Senior secondary students in Nigeria. Which is to be achieved through the following specific objectives:

(I) Evaluating physics students’ general level energy Knowlegde in Nigeria.

(ii) Investigating students’ energy cognitive level, energy behavior/ behavioral knowledge,

(iii) Observing students’ willingness to learn about energy-related issues,

(iv) Correlating students’ demographic background with their energy behavior, knowledge, and consumption rate, and

(v) Evaluating the effect of levels of class against their energy literacy level.

1.4 Research Questions

The above objectives are to be achieved through the following research questions.

(1) What is the prevalent level of energy literacy among Nigerian senior secondary students?

(2) Is there a statistically significant relationship between students’ energy knowledge and their gender, school type, age range, and subject of study?

1.5 Significance Of The Study

The study emphasis on the examination of energy literacy among Nigerian senior secondary school students. The study also highlighted the challenges of energy literacy, as well as certain underused and underutilized energy sources. It also shows how to address these issues and raise energy awareness in Nigeria.

1.6 Scope Of The Study

The research focus on the evaluation of energy literacy among senior secondary school students in Nigeria.

1.7 Limitation Of The Study

The focus of this study is on assessing energy literacy among Nigerian senior secondary school students. Work of this magnitude or kind cannot be carried out without limitation on research. As a result, several limitations were experienced during the course.

v  Cost: the cost of thorough research is not what can be afforded by a student. The prices of materials needed for this work has gone up and transport fee has also gone up.

v  Time: the time was one of the limitations in the process of carrying out this research work.

v  Scarcity Of Literature: The research encountered some problems in collection of literature especially on the bank History and operations. This are hindered the smooth running of this work.

1.8 Definition of terms


In physics, energy is the quantitative property that must be transferred to a body or physical system to perform work on the body, or to heat it. Energy is a conserved quantity; the law of conservation of energy states that energy can be converted in form, but not created or destroyed.


Literacy in its broadest sense describes “particular ways of thinking about and doing reading and writing” with the purpose of understanding or expressing thoughts or ideas in written form in some specific context of use.

1.9 Organizations of the study

The chapter one consist of the introductory part of the study which includes the study background, the statement of the research problem, the study objective and scope of the study.

The second chapter is a critical review of other literatures relevant to the study and its objectives including the theoretical framework for the study. While the third chapter is methods of data collection, sampling and data analysis used in conducting the study. The fourth chapter centres around the research findings including an analysis of how it relates to previous findings. The fifth chapter consists of the summary of findings, conclusion and recommendations base on the study objectives.


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