Full Project – ADMINISTRATIVE STRATEGIES FOR THE CONTROL OF EXAMINATION MALPRACTICE IN SECONDARY SCHOOL IN ABA ZONE IN ABIA STATE
This study was carried out on the Administrative strategies for the control of examination malpractice in secondary school in Aba zone in Abia State using Aba zone of Abia State as a case study. The survey design was adopted and the simple random sampling techniques were employed in this study. The population size comprise of teachers and principals of some selected secondary schools in Aba zone of Abia State. In determining the sample size, the researcher conveniently selected 63 respondents and all were validated. Self-constructed and validated questionnaire was used for data collection. The collected and validated questionnaires were analyzed using mean score tables. While the hypotheses were tested using Chi-square statistical tool. The result of the findings reveals that the causes of examination malpractice in secondary schools include; poor teaching /learning habits, poor logistics for examinations, the desire to satisfy parents ambition, unpreparedness of students for examinations, students lack of self confidence, peer group influence, and benefits derived by vendors of examination papers. The study also revealed that the management strategies used by principals in controlling examination malpractices in secondary schools include; placing such students on punishment for a number of days, checking students before they enter the examination hall, inviting parents to school to discuss the conduct of their wards, seating arrangement should be such that one seat is far from other, having adequate number of invigilators and supervisors, and making use of CCTV in examination hall. Therefore, it is recommended that concerted efforts should be made to properly acquaint staff and students with regulations governing examination conduct in the schools. Towards this end, workshops and orientation programmes should be carried out periodically to acquaint staff with their duties as examiners and invigilators and students of their expected preparation for, and conduct at examinations. To mention but a few.
1.1 Background of the study
Every patriotic citizen of any nation should be concerned about the subject of ethics in our everyday life. Because ethics is the only notion that projects morality and positive value orientation in all human activities, this is true. Ethics may successful adjudicate the nature of ultimate value and the norms of human conduct as right or bad. Ethics principles aim to set acceptable norms or standards of behaviour against which an individual’s behavior may be measured. Since the beginning of time, every human person has been seen as a moral agent capable of distinguishing between good and evil, and is accountable for his or her actions. Regrettably, ethical norms have steadily shifted throughout time, and man has willfully chosen evil above good. As a result, extensive attempts are made in many forums to investigate people’s actions of omission or conduct. Exam malpractice is one of these crimes, which has been highlighted as an incurable sore in most educational institutions, particularly in Nigeria. Nigeria is a country where examination results are utilized as a criterion for admission to higher institutions of learning and employment. Thus, students struggle to achieve good grades as a means of meeting the standards in whatever way possible. As a result, there is a significant rate of examination malpractice. A conscious violation of the norms and regulations governing a certain examination by an individual, group of people, or institution is known as examination malpractice. School ethics are intended to give all students and lecturers with equitable teaching and learning opportunities in order to meet the school’s aims and objectives in particular, as well as the national education goals in general (Nwakpa, 2010). As a result, engaging in exams malpractice equates to failing to achieve educational objectives. Examination malpractices, according to Asinya (2012), are widespread and unprecedented violations of norms and regulations governing internal and public examinations, from the scheduling of such exams through their administration, marking, and grading, as well as the distribution of results and issuing of certificates. This immoral behavior has infiltrated the fabric of the students, according to Dalton (2006), as varied styles and approaches are used to aid themselves and their fellow students in exchange of/for financial fulfillment. With the introduction of various styles and methods such as impersonation, thuggery, hooliganism, and physical assault, the use of mercenaries and the delay in the start of the examination, spying or giraffing, bringing prohibited materials to the examination halls, configured calculators, illegal communications, and the exchange of answer booklets, or question papers, Dalton, 2006; Alutu, & Aluede, 2005). In secondary schools, the rate at which examination misconduct has increased is disturbing. With the advent of Information and Communication Technology (1CT), the threat has become more sophisticated, with students employing electronic devices to cheat in exams. This, to a significant measure, reflects the genuine depth of corruption, moral decay, and diversity that our society has acquired. In view of the above, this study seeks to assess the Administrative strategies for the control of examination malpractice in secondary school in Aba zone in Abia State.
1.2 Statement of problem
Exam malpractice on the part of students, is clearly not a new phenomenon in academic schools. Impersonation, thuggery, hooliganism, and physical assault are examples of unethical behavior. Other examples include using mercenaries and delaying the start of the examination, spying or giraffing, bringing forbidden materials to the examination halls, rigged calculators, illegal communications, and exchanging answer booklets, tests, or question papers. The degradation in the standard and quality of education has come from these indecent actions and activities in secondary education. Due to the reduction in the quality of education in secondary schools, different empirical research have been conducted on how to handle test malpractice in order to attain qualitative education (Alutu, & Aluede,2005). Despite these findings, the rise in examination malpractice in secondary schools has continued unabated (Dalton, 2006). This raises the question of whether there are strategies for controlling examination malpractices in educational institutions have been identified. Based on the aforementioned, this study will assess the Administrative strategies for the control of examination malpractice in secondary school in Aba zone in Abia State.
1.3 Objective of the study
Generally, this study will assess the Administrative strategies for the control of examination malpractice in secondary school in Aba zone in Abia State. Specifically, the study will;
- Investigate the causes of examination malpractice in secondary schools.
- Investigate the forms of examination malpractice prevalent in secondary schools.
- Assess the management strategies used by principals in controlling examination malpractices in secondary schools.
- Determine whether the strategies adopted by principals for the control of examination malpractices in secondary school is effective.
1.4 Research questions
- What are the causes of examination malpractice in secondary schools?
- What are the forms of examination malpractice prevalent in secondary schools?
- What are the management strategies used by principals in controlling examination malpractices in secondary schools?
- Is the strategies adopted by principals for the control of examination malpractices in secondary school effective?
1.5 Research Hypothesis
Ho: The strategies adopted by principals for the control of examination malpractices in secondary school is not effective.
Ha: The strategies adopted by principals for the control of examination malpractices in secondary school is effective.
1.6 Significance of the study
This study will be useful to the government since it will advise them on how to offer suitable facilities for schools in order to boost the teaching-learning process. It will be beneficial to tertiary institutions’ authorities since it will ensure that every student receives a handbook on code of conduct, and the signature of an anti-social form by students should be required for admission and registration.
1.7 Scope of the study
The purpose of this research is to examine the Administrative strategies for the control of examination malpractice in secondary school in Aba zone in Abia State.
Geographically, the study will be conducted among secondary schools in Aba zone of Abia State.
1.8 Limitation Of The Study
In the course of carrying out this study, the researcher experienced some constraints, which included time constraints, financial constraints, language barriers, and the attitude of the respondents.
In addition, there was the element of researcher bias. Here, the researcher possessed some biases that may have been reflected in the way the data was collected, the type of people interviewed or sampled, and how the data gathered was interpreted thereafter. The potential for all this to influence the findings and conclusions could not be downplayed.
More so, the findings of this study are limited to the sample population in the study area, hence they may not be suitable for use in comparison to other, local governments, states, and other countries in the world.
1.9 Definition Of Terms
Examination: This is an educational assessment intended to measure a test-taker’s knowledge, skill, aptitude, physical fitness, or classification in many other topics.
Students: A student is primarily a person enrolled in a school or other educational institution and who is under learning with goals of acquiring knowledge, developing professions and achieving easy employment at a particular field.
Examination Malpractice: This is any misconduct or improper practice in any examination with a view to obtaining good results through fraudulent action.
1.10 Organization of the Studies
The study is categorized into five chapters. The first chapter presents the background of the study, statement of the problem, objective of the study, research questions and hypothesis, the significance of the study, scope/limitations of the study, and definition of terms. The chapter two covers the review of literature with emphasis on conceptual framework, theoretical framework, and empirical review. Likewise, the chapter three which is the research methodology, specifically covers the research design, population of the study, sample size determination, sample size, and selection technique and procedure, research instrument and administration, method of data collection, method of data analysis, validity and reliability of the study, and ethical consideration. The second to last chapter being the chapter four presents the data presentation and analysis, while the last chapter(chapter five) contains the summary, conclusion and recommendation.
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Full Project – ADMINISTRATIVE STRATEGIES FOR THE CONTROL OF EXAMINATION MALPRACTICE IN SECONDARY SCHOOL IN ABA ZONE IN ABIA STATE