Full Project – ROLES OF HEAD TEACHER IN ADMINISTRATION OF NURSERY SCHOOL IN HONG LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN ADAMAWA STATE

Full Project – ROLES OF HEAD TEACHER IN ADMINISTRATION OF NURSERY SCHOOL IN HONG LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN ADAMAWA STATE

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CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1    Background to the Study

A preschool, also known as nursery school, pre-primary school, or play school, is an educational establishment or learning space offering early childhood education to children before they begin compulsory education at primary school. It may be publicly or privately operated, and may be subsidized from public funds.

The head teacher being the head of the school is responsible for determine the organization of the school and ensuring budget ongoing maintenance of the school building, administering the schools, budget admitting and placing students, ensuring that report cards are send to parents.

The school head teacher being the chief Executives of the school has the responsibility of attending meetings, acting as a resource person at those meetings, considering recommendations and reporting back on actions taken (or delegating those responsibilities to the vice Head teacher, developing a safe school environment with the help of parents and the community).

Leadership in any organization implies the action and interaction with persons and things with a view to attain a specific objective. It is the ability to plan, control, direct and co ordinate the activities of school involving both human and material resources for the achievement of school goals (Aderounmu, 1986). It is a process through which persons or groups intentionally influence others in the attainment of group goals. Leadership is defined as the act or process of influencing people so that they will strive willingly toward the achievement of objective. It is the functional behaviors of a leader in relation with subordinates, to facilitate the accomplishment of group goals. In this regard, leadership is the ability to get thing done with the assistance and cooperation of other people within the institution. Effective leadership most be provided. If the objectives of secondary education are to be achieved, for as observed by Garland and O‟Reilly (1976:9), most theorists agree that organizations behave when leaders act.

 

1.2         Statement of the Problem

The head teachers role in nursery schools in educational zones of Malumfashi and Funtua in Adamawa State, cover many different areas which include planning, interpersonal relationship, record administration, school community relationship, maintenance of school facilities, internal supervisions, communication, discipline that is process of achieving objectives stated ahead time, determining what is to be done in the school system; a number of decisions relating to the clarification of school objective should be considered to help in the realization of the goals.

The focus of this research is to provide a solution to the problems of internal supervisory roles of the head teachers that is meant to ensure the attainment of the educational objectives which has largely been ignored. The negligence of these supervisory roles such as checking class visitation, attendance of teachers, lesson plans, lesson note and many others may be one of the fundamental reasons for poor performance of students and teachers in our nursery schools.

Lack of proper maintenance of school facilities by the nursery schools in Malumfashi and Hong Local Governments in Adamawa state has led to shortages in teaching and learning. In view of this Lessa (1999) stated that poor maintenance cultural has been the bone of Nigerian academic woes. Consequently, he affirms that shortages within a school system can be overcome by efficient maintenance practices such as preventive maintenance which consists of routine checks and regular servicing of equipment.

 

Indisciplinary acts in nursery schools have persisted over the years. Indiscipline is seen as a violation of school rules and regulation which is capable of obstructing the smooth and orderly functioning of the schools system and should be consequently avoided through perfect orientation of students and imposition of positive sanction in case of obvious violation of the order. It is observed that some head teachers appear to have failed their manageable roles or responsibilities towards their students. One of the objectives of education as spelt out in National Policy on Education (2013) is to inculcate right type of value and attitude for the survival of the individual and Nigerian society.

Also in some nursery schools in the zones there are wide gaps in school – community relation that need to be ridged in Nigerian educational system as a whole. The community sees school’s properties as public properties, therefore, have little or no interest on them. Records are poorly kept and managed, accurate, reliable and trustworthy, records that fulfil evidential requirements are being created but not properly managed by the school head teachers. From observation, it became obvious that accurate, reliable and reliable and trustworthy records are not properly kept, while some and not kept at all. For instance, many public nursery schools do not have copies of educational law and national policy on education in their schools. It was in view of this that Eden (2010) stated that record should be seen as a tool for attainment of school objectives and as a reutilized ritual with no useful purpose in view. Also shortage of trained personnel, finds, material resources could possibly have serious can notations on administration of nursery school record by head teachers in nursery schools in the Hong Local Government of Adamawa State.

There are many roles that are need to be manage by the head teachers but they have been ignored such as interpersonal relationship, communication and several others are not being properly handled by the head teachers. Consequently, the effeteness and efficiency of the schools system in achieving educational goals are affected. In view of this Knapp (2009) stated that without effective leadership, most of the goals of educational improvement will be very difficult to achieve.

This research intends to find out the assessment of head teachers role in the administration of nursery schools in Hong Local Government in Adamawa state, Nigeria. The research will targeted at providing solutions to the outline problems stated above.

 

1.3.        Objectives of the Study

The Study was set to:

  1. examine the head teachers’ role in the administration of internal supervision in nursery schools in Hong Local Government in Adamawa State, Nigeria;
  2. determine the head teachers’ role in the maintenance of facilities in nursery schools in Hong Local Government in Adamawa state, Nigeria;
  3. assess the head teachers’ role in the administration of interpersonal relationship in nursery schools in Hong Local Government in Adamawa State, Nigeria;
  4. ascertain the head teachers’ role in the maintenance of discipline in nursery schools in Hong Local Government in Adamawa State, Nigeria;

 

1.4         Research Questions

 

The following research questions will help to identify the head teachers role in the administration of nursery schools in Hong Local Government in Adamawa state.

  1. What is the head teachers’ role in the administration of internal supervision in nursery schools in Adamawa state?
  2. what is the head teachers’ role in maintenance of school facilities in nursery schools in Adamawa state?
  3. what is the head teachers’ role in managing interpersonal relationship in nursery schools in Adamawa state?
  4. What is the head teachers’ role in maintenance of discipline in nursery schools in Adamawa state?

 

1.5         Research Hypotheses

The following hypotheses were formulated

Ho1. There is no significant difference in the opinions of Head teachers, Teachers, Ministry of Education Officials (MOE) and Parents-Teachers Association (PTA) (stakeholders) on Head teachers’ role in the administration of internal supervision in nursery schools in Hong Local Government in Adamawa state, Nigeria.

Ho2. There is no significant difference in the opinions of stakeholders on head teachers role in the maintenance of school facilities in nursery schools in Hong Local Government in Adamawa state, Nigeria.

Ho3. There is no significant difference in the opinions of stakeholders on head teachers’ role in the administration of interpersonal relationship in nursery schools in Hong Local Government in Adamawa State, Nigeria.

Ho4. There is no significant difference in the opinions of stakeholders on Head teachers’ role in the maintenance of discipline in nursery schools in Hong Local Government in Adamawa State, Nigeria

1.6         Significance of the Study

It will enable the head teachers to live up to their responsibilities in terms of school based supervision; it will also be a great importance to the parents and the stakeholder. It will help the government in providing a suitable way of maintaining the school facilities. It will help the head teachers to develop good strategies for developing a good interpersonal relationship between him, the teachers and the students. Finally at the end of the study the government will able to provide adequate fund, so that there will be availability of resources in other to enhance teaching and learning.

 

1.7         Scope of the Study

This research focuses on the Head teachers Role in the Administration of Nursery schools in Hong Local Government in Adamawa State. The study was limited to nursery schools in Hong LGA in Adamawa State.

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