Full Project – INTEGRATION OF ICT IN TEACHING AND LEARNING CHRISTIAN RELIGIOUS STUDIES IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN IKWANO, ABIA STATE

Full Project – INTEGRATION OF ICT IN TEACHING AND LEARNING CHRISTIAN RELIGIOUS STUDIES IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN IKWANO, ABIA STATE

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CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study

The place of Religious Education in our educational system can never be over-emphasized. This is why it was introduced to enable us imbibe its values. According to Federal Republic of Nigeria (2004), the goals and objectives of education in Nigeria includes: Building -a free and democratic society; a just and egalitarian society; a united, strong and self-reliant nation; a dynamic and great economy; and land of bright and full opportunities for all citizens.

According to Gbenda (1997) in Anozie (2006):‘Religion is very important in human society; it provides meaning to life, answers the most fundamental questions regarding life, death and hereafter. It confers sacred values on people, social laws and institution a cohesive and integrative elements in society and above all, consoles man in crises situation’.

Based on the above, it is clear that religious knowledge make man a more balanced being, in that, it teaches man how to adjust and adapt in circumstances which science, technology and other mechanisms have no solutions. In the words of Anozie (2006), ‘religion is a factor that help people to adjust and adapt the circumstance of the personal lives of the individuals and those of societies, and inherent mental, emotional, stresses, disorder, instability, insecurity and peacelessness’. The values above show that religion functions as social integration which helps in educational, political, social, economic and moral aspects of human endeavour. It is also known that religion contributes a lot in socialization, order, stability, peace and security of the general society.

Undoubtedly, Christian Religious Knowledge as an aspect of religion plays the same role as religion, vis-à-vis, and the society where it is practiced. Christian Religion through its moral values makes morality an indispensable tool which the society uses to interpret socio-political, economic and other actions, so as to maintain good governance and stability of the state. Interesting, the optimal achievement of the above objective of religion in our secondary schools, depends largely on the appropriate application of Instructional materials, teaching methods, techniques and relevant skills. However, the place of instructional, materials, especially Information and Communication Technology (ICT) cannot be over emphasized, if the youths of the 21st century must be made to understand the values of Christians Religious knowledge. This is because ICT provides students with meaningful instruction in their learning process.

According to Okafor (2010), ‘ICT resources provide opportunities for learning and create a condition that can enhance learning’. He further opined that the traditional instructional approaches (Non ICT materials) cannot achieve the goals of teaching at this period of information explosion and globalization. Hence, the need to incorporate Information and Communication Technology (ICT) as an instruction material required in teaching and learning of Christian Religious Knowledge in our secondary schools.

However, the thrust of this study is to establish whether the use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in teaching and learning of Christian Religious studies can improve upon students’ performance, especially in our senior secondary schools in Ikwano Local Government Area of Abia State.

Statement of the Problem

Many problems have been confronting the traditional method of teaching and learning of Christian Religious studies in our secondary schools. This traditional method encompasses the strict use of the Holy Bible and story telling or narration in teaching the subjects. However, these problems includes monotony and a bore class, obsolescent of the material and method in use, more teacher centered than students centered, inefficiency and ineffectiveness in meeting the religious needs of 21st century youths.

These problems seems to have resulted because of inadequate funding of our secondary schools, teachers resistance to changes in curriculum innovations, inadequate sensitization packages on how to meet the religious needs of 21st century, youths, among others. The effects of the above issues on our youth; especially in secondary schools have being negative and includes: cultism, stealing and robbery, bullying, kidnapping, raping, indiscipline and all manners of anti-social and in human activities, which have posed this perceivable question. How can the use of Information and Communication Technology in teaching and learning of Christian Religious studies help to bring about the required moral changes among secondary school students in Nigeria? The above question is what this study tends to provide answer to.

 

Purpose of the Study

The purpose of this study is to examine the Integration of ICT in Teaching and Learning Christian Religious Studies In Secondary Schools in Ikwano, Abia State. It delve into how the use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) can help to bring about the required moral changes among secondary school students in Nigeria through Christian Religious studies. The study sets out:

  1. To determine whether the use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in teaching and learning of Christian Religious Studies (CRS) will improve students’ performance in secondary schools.
  2. To determine the extent to which CRS teachers have being applying ICT in teaching and learning encounter.
  3. To determine the factors that could militate against the proper application of ICT by CRS learning during the teaching and learning process.

 

Research Questions

To guide this study, the following research questions were formulated:

  1. What improvement can the use of ICT in teaching and learning of CRS make on the students’ performance over the traditional approach?
  2. To what extent do CRS teachers use ICT in teaching and learning process?
  3. What are the factors militating against the teachers use of ICT in teaching and learning of CRS in our secondary schools?

 

Significance of the Study

Undoubtedly, this study is going to be of immense help in the followings ways.

  1. Teachers in the field of Christian Religious Studies (CRS) would be acquainted with knowledge of how ICT can yield a better result in relation to students’ performance.
  2. Government will be re-informed on certain pre-requisites for the adoption of ICT in teaching and learning of CRS.
  3.  Students themselves would undoubtedly benefit, in that the proper use of ICT in the teaching-learning process will enhance theirs performance, and make information readily available for them.
  4.  Researchers would also find the results of this study very useful, as it will make empirical data available for reference.
  5. The study will also be of help to such organization as Nigeria Educational Research Development Commission (NERDC), as a way of re-orienting the educational sectors that can compete with changes of globalization.

Scope of the Study

The study was carried out in Ikwano Local Government Area of Abia State with intent of studying Integration of ICT in Teaching and Learning Christian Religious Studies In Secondary Schools in Ikwano, Abia State. It also delved into how ICT could improve the learning of CRS, the extent of its application as well as the factors that militate against the teacher’s use of ICT in teaching and learning of CRS in secondary schools.

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Full Project – INTEGRATION OF ICT IN TEACHING AND LEARNING CHRISTIAN RELIGIOUS STUDIES IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN IKWANO, ABIA STATE

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