Full Project – INFLUENCE OF PARENTING STYLES ON BULLYING BEHAVIOUR OF IN-SCHOOL ADOLESCENTS IN SURULERE METROPOLIS

Full Project – INFLUENCE OF PARENTING STYLES ON BULLYING BEHAVIOUR OF IN-SCHOOL ADOLESCENTS IN SURULERE METROPOLIS

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CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background to the Study

Parenting is a complicated occupation that requires many different skills. It is the process of promoting and supporting the physical, emotional, social, and intellectual development of a child from infancy to adulthood (Davies, 2000). It is a term that summarizes behaviours used by a parent to raise a child. Parenting is the way children are been reared or brought up, that is, child rearing employed by parents in training and bringing up their children from cradle to grave (Olujinmi, 2012). Parenting practices around the world share three major goals: ensuring children’s health and safety, preparing children for life as productive adults and transmitting cultural values. A high-quality parent-child relationship is critical for healthy development. Parenting styles have been found to predict the child’s wellbeing in terms of social competence, academic performance, psychological development and problem behaviour. Its influence on the lives of adolescent is very vital (Alegre, 2008).

Okpoko (2004) and Utti (2006) defined parenting as the act of parenthood and child upbringing. Wikipedia (2012) also defines parenting as the process of promoting and supporting the physical, emotional, and intellectual development of a child from infancy to adulthood. For the present study, the researchers define parenting as the skill of moulding, shaping, guiding and supporting the development of an individual from infancy to adulthood. Parenting provides children opportunities for the acquisition of skills and experiences necessary for the achievement of goals in adulthood. It plays a key role in the overall development of the child. Such roles are social, educational and other adaptive behaviours that prepare the child for future fruitful living (Kelland, 2000). Individuals carry out this function of parenting differently, because of differences in personalities and exposure, giving rise to different parenting styles. Parenting style is a universal climate in which families function and in which child rearing behaviour of parents or other primary care givers revolve (Chiew, 2011). Kelland (2000) observes that where an ideal parenting style is employed in the home, the children are disciplined but where this is not, the reverse is the case. In this study, parenting style is referred to as how a person or a parent interacts with his or her children or wards. It also refers to the different patterns that parents use to bring up their children.

Parental strategy in rearing children has a significant impact on children’s developmental outcomes. Theoretically, it could be expected that negative parenting characteristics, including strictness, neglect, control, punishment, and lack of support will potentially lead to subsequent child behavioural problems such as emotional problems and misconduct at school.  Parents provide the contexts for children learn pro-social strategies by scheduling extracurricular activities, nurture social competence and emotional well-being. As per a family systems approach the relationships between siblings is also likely to impact school bullying through shared personal and environmental characteristics (Duncan, 2004Wolke & Skew, 2012).

A parenting style is the overall emotional climate in the home. It is a psychological construct representing standard strategies that parents use in child rearing. Parental investment starts soon after birth. Parenting styles can be said to be the overall approach parents take to guiding, control and socializing their children, the attitudes that parents have about their children and the resulting emotional climate that is created (Spera, 2005). Also, it can be said to be specific practices with which parents influence their children (Gwen, 2010). Parenting style is affected by both the parent’s and the children’s temperaments and is largely based on the influence of one’s own parents, culture, family type and the relationship between the parents (Alegre, 2008). Many parents create their own style from a combination of factors and these may evolve over time as the children develop their personalities and move through life’s stages.

Basically, parenting style was classified based on four dimensions these include child rearing: parental control, parental communication, parental maturity demands and parental nurturance (Alegre, 2008).  Baumrind (1967) and Olujinmi (2012) classified parent interactive styles into four major groups and they are Authoritarian, permissive, democratic or uninvolved parents.

Authoritarian parenting is a restrictive, punitive parenting style in which parents makes their children follow their direction and respect their work and effort. It emphasizes obedience above all else. Authoritative parenting is child-centred with parents communicating positive attitudes toward their children and encouraging the development of self-enhancing attribute (Meteyer & Jenkins, 2009). Permissive parenting is one of which parents are very involved with their children but place few demands or control on them. They are nurturing and accepting, and are responsive to the child’s needs and wishes. Permissive parents do not present themselves as authority figures or role models. They try to be friends with their children and do not play a parental role (Rosenthan, 2002). Democratic parenting is characterized by few demands, low responsiveness and little communication. Uninvolved parents are unaware or indifferent to their child’s developmental needs; they are inconsistent with emotion, affection and discipline, and range from not reacting at all to their child’s behaviour to tremendous over reaction (Pellerin, 2005). They are detached and emotionally disengaged.

Through the long history of research on parenting, significant correlations have been found between parenting styles and children’s typical behaviour. Authoritarian parents tend to have children who are more likely to be irritable and conflicted, showing signs of both anxiety and anger, not socially skilful and are susceptible to being bullied. Authoritative parenting produces many positive outcomes in children: adaptability, competence and achievement, good social skills and peer acceptance and low levels of antisocial or aggressive behaviour. Permissive parents are more likely to have exhibit uncontrolled, impulsive behaviours and low levels of self-reliance, low on cognitive competence and social agency. Children of uninvolved parents are likely to be impulsive, to show high level of both externalizing problems (e.g. aggressive) and internalizing problems (e.g. depression) and to have low self-esteem (Broderick & Blewitt, 2010).

Parenting styles are different manners of parents’ child relationship. Parenting is a complex activity that includes specific behaviours that work individually and together to influence the child. Although specific parenting behaviours, such as spanking or reading aloud, may influence the child’s development, looking at any specific behaviour in isolation may be misleading. However, there are people who have noted that specific parenting practices are less important in predicting child well-being than is the broad pattern of parenting. Most researchers who attempt to describe this broad parental milieu rely on Diana Baumrind’s concept of parenting style. The construct of parenting style is used to capture normal variations in parents’ attempts to control and socialize their children (Baumrind, 1991; Aunola & Nurmi, 2005). There are two things that are critical in understanding this definition.

First, parenting style is meant to describe normal variations in parenting. In other words, the parenting style typology developed by Baumrind should not be understood to include deviant parenting, such as might be observed in abusive or neglectful homes. Second, it is assumed that normal parenting revolves around issues of control. Although parents may differ in how they try to control or socialize their children and the extent to which they do so, it is believed that the primary role of all parents is to influence, teach, and control their children but could also lead to children bullying behaviour (Aunola & Nurmi, 2005).

Bullying has since been regarded as a global behavioural problem that occurs in schools. Indeed, the phenomenon of bullying behaviour has increasingly become a worldwide problem that demands the attention of all stake holders in the educational system. This situation appears to have reached a stage where it can be said that almost every student has been bullied or involved in bullying at one time or another during their educational programme or career (Rigby, 2007).

Bullying is a distinct form of aggression characterised by a repeated and systematic abuse of power. Bullying occurs when one or more students seek to have power over another student through the use of verbal, physical or emotional harassment, intimidation or even isolation (Zirpoly, 2009). According to Mitsopoulou and Giovazolias (2013), bullying is an intentional, continual aggressive behaviour towards a person, the victim, who cannot defend himself, and this usually involves an imbalance of power between the aggressor and the victim. Any behaviour a person exhibits, with the intention to hurt another person physically or psychologically, for no just cause, is considered an act of bullying (Nwokolo, Ayamene & Efobi, 2011). Giving reference to British legal definition, Kim (2004) saw bullying as a long-standing violence, physical or psychological, carried out by an individual or a group and directed against an individual, who is not able to defend himself in the actual situation, with a conscious desire to hurt, threaten or frighten the individual or put him under stress.

There are several types of bullying in schools. Bullying can take many forms as in direct bullying, indirect bullying and Cyber bullying. Direct bullying can be physical assault on the victims or verbal attack. School bullies often result to teasing and taunting their victims, verbal attacks, shoving etc. Indirect bullying is more to verbal and social behaviour. Bullies will verbally and emotionally attack their victims. Such as, spreading inaccurate rumours about a person, spoilt their reputation, practical jokes, shunning etc.

A new and emerging form of school bullying is the Cyber-bullying. This involves the use of information and communication technologies such as e-mail, cell phone and paper text-messages, instant messages, defamatory personas websites to support deliberate, repeated, and hostile behaviour by an individual or group that intended to harm others (Wollare, 2006)

Bullying in schools inherently affects the school climate and school atmosphere, as well as impacting on perceptions of safety at school. Bullying creates a climate of fear among students, inhibits their ability to learn which usually result in activities such as vandalism, boycott of lectures, disruption of school programmes, skipping school, high rate of adolescents out of school, loss of lives and properties and closing down of schools in some cases (Okulaja, 2010). The effects of bullying can be serious and even fatal. Unfortunately, it is dangerously underrated as schools and adults are not taking the problems seriously enough (Kumpulainen, 2008; Egbochuku, 2007).

A number of factors can be responsible for the development of the attitude of bullying in students. According to Neto (2005), the world outside the school is reproduced within the school. Also Cook, Guerra, Kim and Sadek (2010) believe that factors like family home environment, school climate, community factors, peer status and peer influence can be related to bullying behaviour.

However, the presence of negative parenting techniques such as poor supervision, inconsistent discipline and corporal punishment may contribute to children displaying negative behaviour (Essau, Sasagawa, & Frick, 2006; Gutman & Vorhaus, 2012). In addition, Gámez-Guadix, Straus, Carrobles, Muñoz-Rivas and Almendros (2010) found that parents using corporal punishment significantly increased the probability of their children expressing antisocial traits or negative behaviours. Further, Mulvaney and Mebert (2007) showed a significant correlation between corporal punishment and negative behavioural adjustment among children. In addition, Van As and Janssens (2012) also proposed that the poor quality of parent-child interaction and the lack of parental support are related to children’s behavioural problems. Broadly speaking, an empirical body of literature has established that corporal punishment, characterized by screaming, yelling, shouting, slapping, and hitting a child, was found to be related to children’s behavioural problems. Overall, the findings emerging from the above studies point to the conclusion that negative parent-child rearing practices are associated with children’s behavioural problems.

Nevertheless, there is much debate and controversy within the literature of the relative impact of parenting styles and cultural effects. Although some studies support an association between parenting styles and their child’s outcomes, some evidence suggests that this relation may differ across cultures (Dai, 2009; Deater-Deater-Deckard, Dodge, Bates, & Pettit, 2006; Huntsinger & Jose, 2009; Stormshak, Bierman, McMahon & Lengua, 2000). For instance, physical discipline has been found to be positively associated with higher externalising and aggression scores in European American children, but in African American children this correlation was negligible and non-significant (Deater-Deckard, et al., 2006).

Chao (2001) reported that Chinese American youth raised in an authoritative parenting style did not show higher school attainment than their peers with authoritarian parents. It was concluded that authoritative parenting styles have less effect for Asian American children than for their European American counterparts. Furthermore, it is suggested that a proportion of parents in Eastern and Islamic societies believe that parents should be firm and restrictive. The idea that an authoritarian parenting style is desirable may stem from the parents’ belief that this

will lead to positive consequences for children’s social and academic lives, and lead to their children learning to value discipline, norms and social hierarchy (Alsheikh, Parameswaran & Elhoweris, 2010).

However, inconsistent with the above notion related to the eastern culture, a study of 262 Syrian pre-school children showed that authoritarian, harshness, rejection and neglect parenting styles were negatively related to children’s personal and social adjustment; whereas , democratic styles were positively associated with children’s social adjustment (Muhriz, Ahmad, & Al-Atum, 2005). Yet, the contradictory findings indicate that the effect of varying parenting styles is mixed and possibly inconsistent, particularly among eastern societies. From this perspective, further investigation concerning the role of parenting styles among non-western societies is essential. Based on these differences in the effect of parenting styles across cultures it can be suggested that generalizations about parenting styles and their effect on children should be viewed with caution.

Fielder (2008) believed that the development of bullying can be viewed as part of a large process of interaction, with the home at its root. Thus he opined that bullying behaviour is to a great extent believed to be a by-product of family dynamics. Likewise researchers observed that the quality of the environment and the family can be linked to the adolescents’ relationship and behaviour at the school (Joronen & Astett-kurki, 2005; Fielder, 2008, Cook, et al, 2010). All these point to the possible link between bullying and familial factors. Thus the present study seeks to specifically look into the influence of parenting styles on bullying behaviour of in-school adolescents in Surulere metropolis.

Statement of the Problems

Bullying at school is a serious issue for a long time. The relationship between parents and children possesses certain characteristics that explain permanent impact of one upon the other. Researchers noted that children whose parents create a loving home environment are often seen to engage in socially acceptable behaviours and achieve academically better than those whose parents deprive loving home environment and are permissive. Social vices have affected several schools in Surulere metropolis which is seriously threatening the survival of education. For young children, family appears to be a key context, both for understanding the origins of bully problems and for seeking further avenues of prevention. The experiences of children has at home can affect how they conduct themselves in school. Researchers (Ahmed & Braithwaite, 2004) have long accepted that aggression can be learned through observation of aggressive behaviour such as by parents.

Bullying and victimization behaviours in school are strongly influenced by parenting and family environment, and may also flow through the generations in a cycle of violence (Talib, Mohamad & Mamat, 2011). That is because family is a powerful force in a child’s life.  Lack of proper child rearing and ineffective communication with the youngsters which has exposed them to various forms of immoral activities such as disobedience to adults, running away from home and school, crime, sexual risk behaviour, violence, hooliganism amongst others (Micki, 2008).

Several studies have been carried out on parenting styles and bullying behaviour. For instance, Nirmala and Baki (2009) carried out a study on relationship between parenting styles and adolescent’s reaction to conflict. The study showed that family is a place, in which skills are taught and the groundwork for enhancement of personality and increasing of adaptability is laid. The researcher believes that in order to control the emotions and limit behaviours, the personality should be adequately disciplined. Instability of personality is mostly observed in those adolescents who have permissive mothers. Lazarus, Mohammed & Adigun (2012) examined parenting styles and self-concept on emotional adjustment of Nigeria secondary school students. The findings revealed that parenting styles and self-concept have greater influence on emotional adjustments of the respondents. One of the reasons for the poor performance of the students may be due to the parenting style adopted by their parents.

Darling (2007) carried out a study on parenting style and its correlates and thus reported that parenting style predicts child well-being in the domains of social competence, academic performance, psychosocial development and problem behaviour. Wu (1998) studied on factors affecting adolescent delinquency in Singapore. It was also found that the mean of delinquency scores from age group 15 is significantly different from that of the other age groups while the mean of delinquency scores for age groups of 12, 13, and 14 and above 16 are about the same.

Duncan (2004) carried out a research on the impact of family relationships on school bullies and their victims. The study revealed differences in family characteristics between youth without significant bullying involvement and children identified as bullies, victims, and bully-victims (i.e., youth who both bully others and are bullied). Baldry and Farrington (2000) opined that bullies are more likely to come from families with authoritarian parents who condone fighting back.  Jansen, Veenstra, Ormel, Verhulst and Reijneveld (2011) examined early risk factors for being a bully, victim, or bully/victim in late elementary and early secondary education. The study revealed that children from low socioeconomic backgrounds have been found to bully others slightly more often. Bowes, Arseneault, Maughan, Taylor, Caspi and Moffitt (2009)  found bullying others to be associated with low socio-economic status, including economic that disadvantage,  poverty, and low parental education.

To the best of the researcher’s knowledge, none of these studies have focused on the influence of parenting styles on bullying behaviour of in-school adolescents in Surulere metropolis. Therefore, this is the gap which the present research intends to bridge.

Research Questions

The following research questions were raised to guide the conduct of this study:

  1. What are the influences of parenting styles experienced by in-school adolescents in Surulere metropolis?
  2. What are the bullying behaviours of in-school adolescents in Surulere metropolis?
  3. Is there any relationship in the parenting styles and bullying behaviour of in-school adolescents in Surulere metropolis?
  4. Is there any relationship in the parenting styles and bullying behaviour of young in-school adolescents in Surulere metropolis?
  5. Is there any relationship in the parenting styles and bullying behaviour of older in-school adolescents in Surulere metropolis?
  6. Is there any relationship in the parenting styles and bullying behaviour of male in-school adolescents in Surulere metropolis?
  7. Is there any relationship in the parenting styles and bullying behaviour of female in-school adolescents in Surulere metropolis?
  8. Is there any relationship in the parenting styles and bullying behaviour of private school in-school adolescents in Surulere metropolis?
  9. Is there any relationship in the parenting styles and bullying behaviour of public school in-school adolescents in Surulere metropolis?
  10. Is there any relationship in the parenting styles and bullying behaviour of in-school adolescents in Surulere metropolis that practices Christianity?
  11. Is there any relationship in the parenting styles and bullying behaviour of in-school adolescents in Surulere metropolis that practices Islam?

Research Hypotheses

The following null hypotheses have been postulated for testing in this study:

  1. There is no significant relationship in the parenting styles and bullying behaviour of in-school adolescents in Surulere metropolis.
  2. There is no significant relationship in the parenting styles and bullying behaviour of young in-school adolescents in Surulere metropolis.
  3. There is no significant relationship in the parenting styles and bullying behaviour of older in-school adolescents in Surulere metropolis.
  4. There is no significant relationship in the parenting styles and bullying behaviour of male in-school adolescents in Surulere metropolis.
  5. There is no significant relationship in the parenting styles and bullying behaviour of female in-school adolescents in Surulere metropolis.
  6. There is no significant relationship in the parenting styles and bullying behaviour of senior secondary school in-school adolescents in Surulere metropolis.
  7. There is no significant relationship in the parenting styles and bullying behaviour of junior secondary in-school adolescents in Surulere metropolis.
  8. There is no significant relationship in the parenting styles and bullying behaviour of in-school adolescents in Surulere metropolis that practices Christianity.
  9. There is no significant relationship in the parenting styles and bullying behaviour of in-school adolescents in Surulere metropolis that practices Islam.

Purpose of the Study

The main focus of this study is to investigate the influence of parenting styles on bullying behaviour of in-school adolescents in Surulere metropolis. Basically, the study will investigate whether there are significant differences in the perception of in-school adolescents in terms of moderating variables of gender, age, religion and class level.

Significance of the Study     

The findings of this study would be of benefit to parents, in-school adolescents, school counsellor, school authority and teachers. The study would benefit parents in the various home, the findings of this study could help them gain insight on the influence of parenting styles on children behaviour especially bullying behaviours. This would assist to see the need to adjust their child rearing practices and seek necessary assistance. To the in-school adolescents, the findings will assist them to understand how bullying behaviour is influenced by parenting styles. Thus, may intimate them of taking necessary steps in addressing the behaviour.

To the school counsellors, it will assist them to know causes of bullying behaviour, especially influence of parenting styles on bullying behaviours of students and to develop appropriate strategies to assist parent in adopting appropriate parenting style that will not lead to bullying. The study provides the need for school counsellors to identify victims, prevent victimization, and helping students to interact in more appropriate way with their school mates.

The study provides greater insight to the school administrators, managers and teachers on the negative influence of parenting styles and bullying behaviour on victims. Finally, The findings will also informs teacher’s understanding on influence of parenting styles on bullying behaviour of in-school adolescents and also informs teacher preparation colleges and educational curriculum developers to improve their programme so that teachers can be more effective in dealing with bullying among in-school adolescents.

Operational Definition of Terms

The following terms are operationally defined as used in the study:

Bullying: A systematic abuse of power in school which now can be defined as aggressiveness or violent behaviour on victims who failed to defend themselves.

Parenting Style: This refers to child-rearing strategy employed by parents in bringing up their      children such as authoritarian, permissive, authoritative etc.

In-school Adolescents: These are secondary school students within the age range of 10-20 years in Surulere metropolis.

Scope of study

This study, investigate the influence of parenting styles on bullying behaviour of in-school adolescents in Surulere metropolis. The study population for this study comprise of all in-school adolescents in Surulere metropolis, while the sample for the study comprise selected in-school adolescents drawn from various schools in Surulere metropolis. Eight secondary schools were randomly selected in Surulere metropolis using dip-hat sampling method. Random sampling technique was used to select 400 respondents from eight selected secondary schools. The research study used questionnaire as an instrument to collect data; Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation was employed as statistical tool to analyze the hypotheses generated for this study at 0.05 level of significance.

 

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  1. TEACHERS’ ATTITUDE ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF PUPILS IN EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION

TEACHERS’ ATTITUDE ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF PUPILS IN EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1      Background to the Study Teaching is both an art and a science. According to him, it is an instrumental, practical art rather than a fine-art. That is teaching “requires an improvisation, spontaneity, the handling of a Read more…

 

  1. EFFECTS OF VISUAL THERAPY ON EXPRESSIVE ART PERFORMANCE OF AUTISTIC CHILDREN IN YABA LOCAL COUNCIL DEVELOPMENT AREA IN LAGOS STATE

EFFECTS OF VISUAL THERAPY ON EXPRESSIVE ART PERFORMANCE OF AUTISTIC CHILDREN IN YABA LOCAL COUNCIL DEVELOPMENT AREA IN LAGOS STATE Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5   CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background to the Study According to Weintraub (2013), Autism is characterized by delays or abnormal functioning before the age of three years in one or more of the Read more…

 

  1. THE EFFECTIVENESS OF TEACHING STYLES IN EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION IN LAGOS STATE PRIMARY SCHOOLS

THE EFFECTIVENESS OF TEACHING STYLES IN EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION IN LAGOS STATE PRIMARY SCHOOLS  Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 ABSTRACT This study investigated the effectiveness of teaching styles in Early Childhood Education. In carrying out this study, Questionnaire on Teaching Styles and Teaching Effectiveness in Public Primary Schools (QTSTE) was developed to elicit responses from respondent. Read more…

 

  1. ASSOCIATING ANIMATION WITH CONCRETE MODELS IN REDUCING VULNERABILITY OF EARLY CHILDHOOD PUPILS TO ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS IN AGEGE LAGOS STATE

ASSOCIATING ANIMATION WITH CONCRETE MODELS IN REDUCING VULNERABILITY OF EARLY CHILDHOOD PUPILS TO ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS IN AGEGE, LAGOS STATE Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5     CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1       Background of the Study  The environment in which we live in is full of dangers and risks for both children and adults. Adults have strong immune system Read more…

 

  1. TEACHER’S CREATIVITY ON EARLY CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT IN MUSHIN LG

TEACHER’S CREATIVITY ON EARLY CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT IN MUSHIN LG Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5     CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background of the Study Creativity in adults is highly valued in our society. Personal creativity contributes to inventiveness, innovation, social and cultural change as well as political development and economic progression. The creator is an innovator, a problem Read more…

  1. ATTITUDE OF STUDENTS TOWARDS THE STUDY OF EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION

ATTITUDE OF STUDENTS TOWARDS THE STUDY OF EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background of the Study Attitude can alter every aspect of a person’s life, including their education. Students’ attitudes to learning determine their ability and willingness to learn. If negative attitudes are not altered, a student is unlikely to Read more…

 

  1. INFLUENCE OF VIOLENT TELEVISION PROGRAMME ON THE AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOUR OF CHILDREN IN PUBLIC PRIMARY SCHOOL IN MUSHIN LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF LAGOS STATE

INFLUENCE OF VIOLENT TELEVISION PROGRAMME ON THE AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOUR OF CHILDREN IN PUBLIC PRIMARY SCHOOL IN MUSHIN LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF LAGOS STATE Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1   BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY The social development of children has been of major concern to a number of people. It is generally accepted Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – INFLUENCE OF GOVERNMENT, COMMUNITY AND PRIVATE SECTOR ON EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION IN ONDO SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, ONDO STATE

Full Project – INFLUENCE OF GOVERNMENT, COMMUNITY AND PRIVATE SECTOR ON EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION IN ONDO SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, ONDO STATE Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1       Background of Study Early years in life (Ejieh, 2006) are the most important to the formation of intelligence, personality and social behaviour of a child. Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – INFLUENCE OF PARENTING STYLES ON BULLYING BEHAVIOUR OF IN-SCHOOL ADOLESCENTS IN SURULERE METROPOLIS

Full Project – INFLUENCE OF PARENTING STYLES ON BULLYING BEHAVIOUR OF IN-SCHOOL ADOLESCENTS IN SURULERE METROPOLIS Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background to the Study Parenting is a complicated occupation that requires many different skills. It is the process of promoting and supporting the physical, emotional, social, and intellectual development of a child Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – IMPACT OF PARENTAL SUPPORT ON PRESCHOOL PUPILS LEARNING OUTCOMES IN DISTRICT III IKOYI LAGOS

Full Project – Impact of Parental Support on Preschool Pupils Learning Outcomes In District III Ikoyi Lagos Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1   Background to the Study Education in the second half of the twentieth century has been characterized by increases in the provision of educational programs for preschool-age children. The largest wave Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – IMPACT OF EARLY CHILDHOOD PLAY EQUIPMENT ON THE PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT OF PRE-NURSERY SCHOOL CHILDREN IN LOCAL EDUCATION DISTRICT, SHOMOLU, LAGOS

Full Project – IMPACT OF EARLY CHILDHOOD PLAY EQUIPMENT ON THE PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT OF PRE-NURSERY SCHOOL CHILDREN IN LOCAL EDUCATION DISTRICT, SHOMOLU, LAGOS Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1     Background to the Study All aspects of development and learning are related in play, particularly the affective and cognitive domains. When children have time Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – IMPACT OF PLAY EQUIPMENT ON THE PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT OF PRE-NURSERY PUPILS IN LOCAL EDUCATION DISTRICT, SURULERE, LAGOS

Full Project – IMPACT OF PLAY EQUIPMENT ON THE PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT OF PRE-NURSERY PUPILS IN LOCAL EDUCATION DISTRICT, SURULERE, LAGOS Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1     Background to the Study All aspects of development and learning are related in play, particularly the affective and cognitive domains. When children have time to play, their Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – INFLUENCE OF PLAY AND PLAY EQUIPMENT ON THE PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT OF PRE-PRIMARY PUPILS IN LOCAL EDUCATION DISTRICT, SURULERE, LAGOS

Full Project – INFLUENCE OF PLAY AND PLAY EQUIPMENT ON THE PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT OF PRE-PRIMARY PUPILS IN LOCAL EDUCATION DISTRICT, SURULERE, LAGOS Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1     Background to the Study Young children are born with an innate urge to grow and learn (Chi, 2009). They continually develop new skills and capacities, Read more…

  1. FULL PROJECT – EFFECTS OF CORONA VIRUS ON THE EDUCATION OF PRESCHOOL CHILD

Full Project – Effects of corona virus on the education of preschool child Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 ABSTRACT This study was on assessing the Effects of corona virus on the education of preschool child: A case study of   Holy Child College of Education Takoradi. The following objectives was used for successful finding of the study: Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – APPRAISAL OF CHILD LABOUR ON STUDENT ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SHOMOLU LAGOS STATE

APPRAISAL OF CHILD LABOUR ON STUDENT ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SHOMOLU LAGOS STATE Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5  CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION ABSTRACT   This research investigates the appraisal of child labour on student academic performance in Shomolu Lagos State. Specifically, the study tried to; identify the personal characteristics of pupils’ and teachers in public primary school in Read more…

 

  1. PROJECT -EFFECTS OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) GADGET IN TEACHING NURSERY SCHOOLS (A STUDY OF FIVE SELECTED PRE-SCHOOLS IN HONG LGA, ADAMAWA STATE)

Project – EFFECTS OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) GADGET IN TEACHING NURSERY SCHOOLS (A STUDY OF FIVE SELECTED PRE-SCHOOLS IN HONG LGA, ADAMAWA STATE) Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1       Background to the Study ICT technologies present novel opportunities to strengthen many aspects of early childhood education practice such as children’s learning Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – THE ATTITUDE OF PARENTS TOWARDS THE PRIMARY EDUCATION OF THEIR CHILDREN

Full Project – THE ATTITUDE OF PARENTS TOWARDS THE PRIMARY EDUCATION OF THEIR CHILDREN Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 INTRODUCTION Primary education is the foundation a child requires in his or her educational pursuit. The quality of primary education a child get would determine his performance in secondary school as well as tertiary level. It will Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – PERCEPTION OF PARENTS ON OVER-SCHOOLING OF CHILDREN AT THE PRE-PRIMARY EDUCATION

Full Project – PERCEPTION OF PARENTS ON OVER-SCHOOLING OF CHILDREN AT THE PRE-PRIMARY EDUCATION Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5  ABSTRACT Over-schooling at the pre-primary school is a serious violation of the provisions of National Policy on Education. It is seen as over burdening, over tasking and over tutoring of the preprimary school children. The study was Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – FACTORS RESPONSIBLE FOR POOR NURSERY/PRIMARY EDUCATION IN NIGERIA

Full Project – Factors Responsible for Poor Nursery/Primary Education in Nigeria Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 ABSTRACT Early years in life are the most important to the formation of intelligence, personality and social behaviour of a child. The Nursery or Early Childhood Education (ECE) comprises essential programmes and activities which are critical to holistic development, academic Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – THE STANDARD OF PRIMARY EDUCATION AND ITS EFFECT ON EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT

Full Project – The standard of Primary Education and its effect on Educational Development Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 Abstract Education is widely regarded as the route to economic prosperity, the key to scientific and technological advancement, the means to combat unemployment, and the foundation of social equity. Primary education is a foundational level of education Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – THE COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION IN FINANCING PRIMARY EDUCATION

Full Project – THE COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION IN FINANCING PRIMARY EDUCATION Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5   ABSTRACT The success of my educational system is a collective responsibility of every component of the system in service to the organization, the successes of Nigeria primary education is hinged in cooperation between individual, parents, community and government, the position Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – CHALLENGES AND PROSPECTS OF PRIMARY EDUCATION IN NIGERIA

Full Project – Challenges and Prospects of Primary Education in Nigeria Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 Abstract Education is widely regarded as the route to economic prosperity, the key to scientific and technological advancement, the means to combat unemployment, and the foundation of social equity. Primary education is a foundational level of education that needs to Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – THE EFFECT OF PRE-PRIMARY SCHOOL EDUCATION ON THE SPEECH DEVELOPMENT OF THE PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILD

Full Project – THE EFFECT OF PRE-PRIMARY SCHOOL EDUCATION ON THE SPEECH DEVELOPMENT OF THE PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILD Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5   ABSTRACT The study attempted to investigate the effect of pre-primary school education in the speech development of the primary school child in Mainland Local Government Area of Lagos State. The descriptive research Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – INTRODUCTION OF TEACHING SEX EDUCATION IN PRIMARY SCHOOL IN EGOR LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EDO STATE

Full Project – INTRODUCTION OF TEACHING SEX EDUCATION IN PRIMARY SCHOOL IN EGOR LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EDO STATE Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 TABLE OF CONTENT CHAPTER ONE- INTRODUCTION Background of the study Scope of the study Purpose of the study Significance of the study Research questions Limitation Definition of terms CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW Read more…

  1. FULL PROJECT – THE FACTORS RESPONSIBLE FOR PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS POOR ACADEMIC PERFORMANCES IN PRIMARY SCIENCE AND COMPUTER SCIENCE (A CASE STUDY OF ENUGU EDUCATION ZONE)

Full Project – THE FACTORS RESPONSIBLE FOR PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS POOR ACADEMIC PERFORMANCES IN PRIMARY SCIENCE AND COMPUTER SCIENCE (A CASE STUDY OF ENUGU EDUCATION ZONE) Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5  ABSTRACT This research project was on, FACTORS RESPONSIBLE FOR POOR ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS IN PRIMARY SCIENCES AND COMPUTER SCIENCE (A CASE STUDY Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – AN ASSESSMENT OF PRE-PRIMARY SCHOOL EDUCATION ON PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS’ PERFORMANCE IN SOME SELECTED PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN BENIN CITY

Full Project – AN ASSESSMENT OF PRE-PRIMARY SCHOOL EDUCATION ON PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS’ PERFORMANCE IN SOME SELECTED PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN BENIN CITY Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5  The theoretical case for universal pre-primary school education is strong, the practical aspect of it is weak.  This paper attempts to make a case for the practicality of pre-primary Read more…

  1. FULL PROJECT – PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS OF PRIMARY EDUCATION IN NIGERIA

Full Project – PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS OF PRIMARY EDUCATION IN NIGERIA Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5  ABSTRACT The study aimed at finding out the problems and prospects of primary schools administration a case study of Kuje Area Council of FCT Abuja. Ten (10) schools were used as sample out of about thirty (30) public schools, five Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – THE ATTITUDE OF PARENTS TOWARDS THE PRIMARY EDUCATION OF THEIR CHILDREN

Full Project – THE ATTITUDE OF PARENTS TOWARDS THE PRIMARY EDUCATION OF THEIR CHILDREN Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1     Background of the Study Primary education is the foundation a child requires in his or her educational pursuit. The quality of primary education a child get would determine his performance in secondary school as Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – ASSESSMENT OF EARLY CHILDHOOD CARE EDUCATION PROVIDERS’ ADHERENCE TO THE PROVISIONS OF NATIONAL MINIMUM STANDARD ON EARLYCHILDHOOD EDUCATION

Full Project – ASSESSMENT OF EARLY CHILDHOOD CARE EDUCATION PROVIDERS’ ADHERENCE TO THE PROVISIONS OF NATIONAL MINIMUM STANDARD ON EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 ABSTRACT The main purpose of this study is to assess the early childhood care education providers’ adherence to the national minimum standard in Zone C (Idoma) Education Area, Benue Read more…

  1. FULL PROJECT – EFFECTS OF EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION IN ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF PRIMARY FOUR SCIENCE IN UYO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF AKWA IBOM STATE

Full Project – Effects Of Early Childhood Education In Academic Achievement Of Primary Four Science In Uyo Local Government Area Of Akwa Ibom State Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY What a nation makes of education system to a large extent will dictate the tempo of her match to Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – EFFECTS OF EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION ON ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT IN PRIMARY SCHOOL IN UYO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF AKWA IBOM STATE

Full Project – Effects Of Early Childhood Education On Academic Achievement In Primary School In Uyo Local Government Area Of Akwa Ibom State Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1   BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY What a nation makes of education system to a large extent will dictate the tempo of her match to nationhood Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – LONG-TERM EFFECTS OF EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION ON ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT IN PRIMARY PUPILS IN UYO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF AKWA IBOM STATE

Full Project – Long-Term Effects Of Early Childhood Education On Academic Achievement In Primary Pupils In Uyo Local Government Area Of Akwa Ibom State Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER ONE 1.0       Introduction 1.1             Background of the Study 1.2             Statement of the Problem 1.3             Purpose of the Study 1.4             Significance of the Study 1.5             Assumptions 1.6             Hypothesis 1.7             Read more…

  1. FULL PROJECT – QUALITY ASSURANCE UNIT INVOLVEMENT IN EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION IN NIGERIA

Full Project – Quality assurance unit involvement in early childhood education in Nigeria Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 TABLE OF CONTENTS Title Page Abstract Chapter One: Introduction Background of the Study Statement of the Research Problem Research Objectives Hypothesis Significance/Scope of the Study Organization of the Study Research Methodology CHAPTER TWO Literature Review CHAPTER THREE Research Design Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – EFFECT OF OVERTIME ON EARLY CHILD EDUCATION IN SOME SELECTED PRIVATE SCHOOLS IN JARLINGO

Full Project – EFFECT OF OVERTIME ON EARLY CHILD EDUCATION IN SOME SELECTED PRIVATE SCHOOLS IN JARLINGO Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY Early years in life are the most important to the formation of intelligence, personality and social behaviour of a child. The year before a child reaches Kindergarten Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – ASSESSMENT OF CHALLENGES OF GIFTED CHILDREN

Full Project – ASSESSMENT OF CHALLENGES OF GIFTED CHILDREN Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 ABSTRACT Gifted children sit in class rooms bored and frustrated, they are left out and are not really benefiting from an equal educational opportunity as their peers, and their full potential is not considered. Effective management of children who are gifted and Read more…

  1. FULL PROJECT – IMO STATE GOVERNMENT EXTENT OF IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NATIONAL OBJECTIVES FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT OF PRE-PRIMARY EDUCATION

Full Project – Imo State Government Extent of Implementation of the National Objectives for the Establishment of Pre-Primary Education Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 Abstract Early childhood education is a starting point for a child’s development and the key foundation of the Nigerian Educational System. This type of education is recognized by the Nigeria National Policy Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PARENTING PRACTICES AND ATTACHMENT STYLES AMONG EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION PUPILS NIGERIA

Full Project – RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PARENTING PRACTICES AND ATTACHMENT STYLES AMONG EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION PUPILS NIGERIA Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 ABSTRACT   The study investigated the relationship between parenting practices and attachment styles of pupils in early childhood education in Kaduna metropolis, Nigeria. The study had nine objectives; nine hypotheses were formulated and tested. The Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PARENTAL ROLE, EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION AND ITS DEVELOPMENT

Full Project – RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PARENTAL ROLE, EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION AND ITS DEVELOPMENT   Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PARENTAL ROLE, EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION AND ITS DEVELOPMENT   ABSTRACT The study examined the relationship between parental roles and early childhood education and its development. A detailed literature was  reviewed in relevant subheadings. The descriptive research Read more…

  1. FULL PROJECT – IMPACT OF PARENTS EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF THEIR CHILDREN

Full Project – IMPACT OF PARENTS EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF THEIR CHILDREN Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 ABSTRACT This project was designed to research into the influence of parental background on the academic performance of children in selected school impact of parents educational background on the academic performance of their children in selected schools in Kaduna south Read more…

 

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – THE PERCEPTION OF EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION PRE-SERVICE TEACHERS ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOAL

Full Project – THE PERCEPTION OF EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION PRE-SERVICE TEACHERS ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOAL Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 Abstract This study was on  the perception of early childhood education pre-service teachers on sustainable development (goal 4) The total population for the study is 200 selected residents in Uyo, Akwa Ibom state. The researcher used Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION AND THE IMPORTANCE OF PLAY IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN BETWEEN 1 TO 6 YEARS CASE STUDY GASHUA IN YOBE STATE

Full Project – EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION AND THE IMPORTANCE OF PLAY IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN BETWEEN 1 TO 6 YEARS CASE STUDY GASHUA IN YOBE STATE Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 Abstract This study was on Early childhood education and the importance of play in the development of children between 1 to 6 years case Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – THE IMPACT OF ABSENTEE PARENTHOOD ON CHILD DEVELOPMENT

Full Project – THE IMPACT OF ABSENTEE PARENTHOOD ON CHILD DEVELOPMENT Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 ABSTRACT Children’ indiscipline is a problem that has become common in most of Nigerian primary schools. However, discipline of the children in primary schools is not an aspect of the school systems alone. Parents have a role to play in Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – THE IMPACT OF ORPHANAGE HOME ON CHILD PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA

Full Project – THE IMPACT OF ORPHANAGE HOME ON CHILD PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE Introduction 1.1  Background of the Study The orphanage home is one of the numerous social institution that have emerged over the year to carter for some of the social needs  of orphanage associated with such Read more…

 

  1. CHAPTER 1-5: STRATEGIES FOR IMPROVING EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION PROGRAMME IN FEDERAL COLLEGE OF EDUCATION (TECHNICAL) UMUNZE. ANAMBRA STATE.

Chapter 1-5: STRATEGIES FOR IMPROVING EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION PROGRAMME IN FEDERAL COLLEGE OF EDUCATION (TECHNICAL) UMUNZE. ANAMBRA STATE. Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 ABSTRACT The research work has undertaken to find out the strategies for improving early childhood Education Programme in Federal college of Education (Technical) Umunze, Anambra State. The study was guided by four research Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – IMPACT OF LEARNING CORNERS ON THE PRE-SCHOOLERS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION

Full Project – IMPACT OF LEARNING CORNERS ON THE PRE-SCHOOLERS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1   Background to the Study Young children learn best by experimenting with their environment through hands-on activities and play, which is why learning corners are such a vital part of the preschool Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – EFFECT OF LEARNING CENTRES ON THE PRE-SCHOOLERS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION

Full Project – EFFECT OF LEARNING CENTRES ON THE PRE-SCHOOLERS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1   Background to the Study Young children learn best by experimenting with their environment through hands-on activities and play, which is why learning centres are such a vital part of the preschool Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – TEACHERS’ ATTITUDE TOWARDS INCLUSION OF CHILDREN WITH SPECIAL NEEDS

FULL PROJECT – TEACHERS’ ATTITUDE TOWARDS INCLUSION OF CHILDREN WITH SPECIAL NEEDS Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1     BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY Every child born into this world is a unique being. Even identical twins who have the same genetic endowment grow to become different personalities. At birth, one twin could be Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT 1-5 -TEACHER’S CREATIVITY ON EARLY CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT IN ABUJA, NIGERIA

Full Project 1-5 -TEACHER’S CREATIVITY ON EARLY CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT IN ABUJA, NIGERIA Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 ABSTRACT   This study examined the influence of teachers’ creativity on early childhood development in Abuja FCT Nigeria. Three research questions and three hypotheses were formulated to guide the study.  The sample size for the study were  Fifty (50) Read more…

 

  1. DOWNLOAD THE FULL PROJECT – IMPACT OF FAMILY LIFE AND SEX EDUCATION ON THE PREVENTION OF TEENAGE PREGNANCY AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENT IN LAGOS STATE

Download the Full Project – IMPACT OF FAMILY LIFE AND SEX EDUCATION ON THE PREVENTION OF TEENAGE PREGNANCY AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENT IN LAGOS STATE Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER TWO   REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE   This chapter will present the review of related literature on the topic, Impact of family life and sex Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – INFLUENCE OF CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT IN EARLY CHILDHOOD CARE AND EDUCATION IN PRE-NURSERY SCHOOLS IN LAGOS PLUS QUESTIONNAIRE

INFLUENCE OF CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT IN EARLY CHILDHOOD CARE AND EDUCATION IN PRE-NURSERY SCHOOLS IN LAGOS plus Questionnaire Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5  ABSTRACT The study examined “Influence of Classroom management in early childhood care and education in Pre-Nursery Schools in Lagos.  The objectives of the study are to: Examine teacher classroom management styles in Nursery classes; Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – APPRAISAL OF CHILD LABOUR ON THE PUNCTUALITY AND STUDY HABITS AMONG SELECTED PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN ETI-OSA, LAGOS STATE

APPRAISAL OF CHILD LABOUR ON THE PUNCTUALITY AND STUDY HABITS AMONG SELECTED PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN ETI-OSA, LAGOS STATE Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5   CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION   1.1       Background to the Study In Nigeria, the main instrument for social change is western education.  Education is the surest and greatest investment which a nation can depend Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – PATTERNS AND INCIDENCE OF CHILD ABUSE AMONG PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS IN LAGOS METROPOLIS

PATTERNS AND INCIDENCE OF CHILD ABUSE AMONG PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS IN LAGOS METROPOLIS Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1   Background to the Study Child abuse has become a global problem that needs to be tackled if children are to be given the right to education and freedom. The issue of child abuse has Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – FACTORS MOTIVATING CAREER CHOICE AMONG SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

FACTORS MOTIVATING CAREER CHOICE AMONG SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1   Background to the Study Career choice, for most people, is a lifelong process of engaging the work world through choosing among employment opportunities made available to them. Each individual undertaking the process is influenced by many factors, including Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – LEADERSHIP STYLES OF PRINCIPALS AND SCHOOL ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE

LEADERSHIP STYLES OF PRINCIPALS AND SCHOOL ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE (A study of five selected Secondary Schools in Somolu Local Government Area, Lagos) Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background to the Study Educational leaders play important role with the intension to make teaching and learning more effective and to give quality education to students. Most Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT-SEXUAL ACTIVITY AND LEVEL OF EDUCATION AS DETERMINANTS OF HIGH INCREASE OF HBV AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN IN LAGOS METROPOLITAN CITY

SEXUAL ACTIVITY AND LEVEL OF EDUCATION AS DETERMINANTS OF HIGH INCREASE OF HBV AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN IN LAGOS METROPOLITAN CITY Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background to the study Viral hepatitis is a term commonly used for several clini­cally similar yet etiologically and epidemiologically distinct diseases. Hepatitis A (formerly called infectious hepatitis) and Read more…

  1. FULL PROJECT- SCHOOL PLANT PLANNING ON STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN EDUCATION DISTRICT II LAGOS STATE

SCHOOL PLANT PLANNING ON STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN EDUCATION DISTRICT II LAGOS STATE Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5  CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background to the Study Secondary education plays a crucial role of preparing students for higher education and useful living in Nigeria. It is considered by many Nigerians as education that would Read more…

 

 

  1. PROJECT-INFLUENCE OF PARENTS SCIENTIFIC BACKGROUND ON STUDENTS’ ACHIEVEMENT AND CAREER ASPIRATION IN BASIC SCIENCE

INFLUENCE OF PARENTS SCIENTIFIC BACKGROUND ON STUDENTS’ ACHIEVEMENT AND CAREER ASPIRATION IN BASIC SCIENCE  Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5   CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION This study focused primarily at investigating and examining the influence of parents’ scientific background on students’ achievement and career aspiration in Basic science. This chapter is however presented under the following sub-headings: BACKGROUND TO Read more…

 

  1. PROJECT-SEXUAL ACTIVITY AND LEVEL OF EDUCATION AS DETERMINANTS OF HIGH INCREASE OF HBV AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN IN LAGOS METROPOLITAN CITY

SEXUAL ACTIVITY AND LEVEL OF EDUCATION AS DETERMINANTS OF HIGH INCREASE OF HBV AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN IN LAGOS METROPOLITAN CITY  Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5  CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background to the study Viral hepatitis is a term commonly used for several clini­cally similar yet etiologically and epidemiologically distinct diseases. Hepatitis A (formerly called infectious hepatitis) and Read more…

 

  1. THE INFLUENCE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY ON CHILD’S EDUCATION IN NIGERIA

THE INFLUENCE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY ON CHILD’S EDUCATION IN NIGERIA A STUDY OF YABA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA LAGOS STATE Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1       Background to the Study Information and communication technology is becoming a ubiquitous component of the physical and social worlds occupied by young children. It is an Read more…