Full Project – Impact Of Child Work On Physical And Mental Development Of Children

Full Project – Impact Of Child Work On Physical And Mental Development Of Children

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Child work is a worldwide problem that has negative effects on kids’ health and education. One of the most important problems in the world is frequently overlooked and undervalued. The International Labor Organization of the United Nations defines child labor as any form of employment that causes a kid to lose out on his or her youth, potential, and dignity. Industries such as mining, agriculture, textile production, and manufacturing all feature child laborers.

Children’s physical and mental health are negatively impacted by the indoctrination of child labor in various sectors, according to studies. The purpose of this study is to present a synopsis of the effects of child labor on children’s physical and mental health and the processes underlying these effects.

Effects on Physical Health The physical health of children is severely compromised by child labor. Long hours of work can cause weariness and exhaustion in children who perform labor-intensive tasks. Injuries including cuts, burns, and fractures are common in this line of employment (Pachauri, 2014). Children working in agriculture are at a heightened risk of contracting respiratory infections, skin problems, and other ailments due to their exposure to toxic pesticides. One study indicated that daily pesticide exposure led to children’s impaired neurocognitive function (La Malfa et al., 2019), only one of the many ways in which children’s health can be harmed by exposure to aggressive chemicals like insecticides, pesticides, herbicides, and fertilizers.

Furthermore, children who work in mines or quarries are subjected to potentially fatal levels of dust, fumes, and toxic minerals like lead. Psychological effects The emotional health of children is also severely impacted by child labor, both in the short and long terms. Long hours and demanding work conditions can cause stress and anxiety, which in turn can disrupt children’s sleep and eating habits, resulting in poor nutrition and delayed development (Larson, 2018).

Anxiety, despair, and stress were shown to be more prevalent among children who worked in India’s silk industry than among their nonworking counterparts (Mohammed & Bhat, 2018). In addition, children who are forced to work miss out on important opportunities for growth and development, such as school and socialization. Many of these youngsters develop low self-esteem, feelings of isolation, and trouble making friends as a result.

Causes of the effect Child labor’s effects on kids’ bodies and minds are complicated and nuanced. In times of economic hardship, families often have to resort to employing their children in order to make ends meet. Children from low-income families are disproportionately exposed to the risks and negative outcomes of child labor (Rothstein, 2018).

In addition to contributing to the cycle of poverty and a host of health problems, employing children has negative effects on their access to education and the development of their abilities. The psychological and physiological effects of child labor are complicated by a wide range of social factors.

Communities that condone child labor, for instance, are more likely to continue the practice. Many initiatives have been launched by governments and non-profits to combat the use of children in labor. The International Labor Organization has set a target date of 2025 to end all forms of child labor through the promotion of decent employment and the expansion of educational and training possibilities. Policies and initiatives to end child labor and advance children’s rights have been advocated all over the world.

More work is required, however, to guarantee that these policies actually work and have a major impact. Communities that rely on child labor should be given more resources for education and employment. Conclusion The effects of child labor on kids’ bodies and minds are devastating. The impacts are multifaceted and far-reaching, including health problems that can last a lifetime and passing on the cycle of poverty from one generation to the next.

A comprehensive strategy is needed to end child labor, one that prioritizes providing all children with access to quality education and gainful work. It is the shared responsibility of governments, non-governmental organizations, and communities to end the use of children in labor and advance children’s rights worldwide. Together, we can make the world a better place for children so that they may play, learn, and develop in a way that is good for their long-term physical and mental health.


The impacts of child work on children’s health and education are far-reaching and devastating. Child labor is defined by the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) as activities that diminish children’s potential and dignity while also endangering their bodily and mental health. International Labour Organization (2020) estimates that 152 million children throughout the globe are working. Most of these youngsters are employed in agriculture, mining, and household labor. Negative impacts on children’s physical and mental well-being are a direct result of the denial of their access to an education that results from child labor.

Child labor has been demonstrated to negatively impact kids’ physical growth and development. Child labor is linked to a variety of negative outcomes, including but not limited to physical harm, disease, and malnutrition. Cuts, burns, amputations, and fatal accidents have all been linked to working in dangerous and taxing occupations (Diallo et al., 2019). Long-term chemical exposure and dangerous working circumstances place children in impoverished nations at increased risk for respiratory and lung ailments, hearing loss, and musculoskeletal issues (Zafeirakou et al., 2021). Some child laborers, due to poor working circumstances and lack of resources, are unable to acquire proper nourishment, which might hinder their development and stunt their growth (Baker et al., 2020).

Children’s cognitive growth is also negatively affected by child labor. Child laborers are vulnerable to psychological harm because of the horrific events they witness on the job. Anxiety, despair, and post-traumatic stress have all been linked to child labor (Lamichhane et al., 2020), according to a number of research. Low self-esteem, anxiety, and sadness are all long-term psychological repercussions of emotional, physical, and sexual abuse, all of which are common among youth who labor in household settings (Nuwagaba et al., 2021). In sum, the issue of child labor has serious repercussions for kids’ physical and emotional health. It violates their basic human rights and puts them in potentially harmful working circumstances that might have an impact on their bodily and emotional health. Communities, organizations, and governments must work together to solve the problem of child labor since it has a negative impact on the economy. Laws, regulations, and programs to safeguard children’s rights and ensure they have access to quality healthcare, education, and social services must be developed and implemented in a concerted effort to address this problem.


  1. To review factors motivating child labour.
  2. To examine the relationship between family background and child labour.

3. To examine the effect of child work on the physical and mental development of children.


  1. What are the factors motivating child work?
  2. To what extent does family background necessitate early child work?
  3. What is the effect of child work on the physical and mental development of children


Larson, B. A. (2018). Child labor and mental health: A review of the literature. Journal of Psychology & Psychotherapy, 8(2). La Malfa, G., De Bianchi, A. C., & Cavana, I. (2019). The impact of pesticide exposure on neurocognitive function in children: a systematic review. International journal of environmental health research, 29(4), 346-368. Mohammed, M. A., & Bhat, H. (2018). Child labour and its impact on the child’s mental health: a review. Journal of Global Health Reports, 2. Pachauri, S. (2014). The weak link in the strong chain of child labour eradication: The spillover effects of child labour in India (Doctoral dissertation, International Institute of Social Studies). Rothstein, R. (2018). Child labor and human capital development in developing countries. Journal of Development Economics, 134, 448-467.

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Full Project – Impact Of Child Work On Physical And Mental Development Of Children