Full Project – FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH MASS FAILURE OF STUDENTS IN TECHNICAL EDUCATION
Background to the Study
The performance of students in Technical Education in Nigeria has remained an issue of concern to all stake holders (Ajagun, 2000). The report by Ojerinde (1998) on the survey of the performance of candidates in Technical education subjects in Nigeria over the years revealed a discernible decline. This perennial decline has remained a source of concern to Art educators and Technical education educators (Nnaka and Anaekwe, 2004).
One of the major problems; facing the educational system in Nigeria is the abysmal failure of students in public examinations, particularly at the secondary level of education. According to Uduh (2009), the high percentage of candidates who failed technical education yearly is reflected in the low percentage of the candidates that meets the university admission requirements. The situation is so pathetic that stakeholders keep on wondering why this level of education has persistently failed to meet the yearnings and aspirations of the society. Apart from the fact that the mass failure of students in public examinations constitutes wastage on investment in secondary education, it puts a big question mark on the quality of secondary education in the country. Each time the results of students in Technical Education are released, it has been a tale of woes and national embarrassment.
Despite the effort put in by government, and various stakeholders of education, Technical education still remained one of the most difficult subject in schools. There is a general impression that Technical education is difficult by its very nature, and because of this impression, there is poor performance among junior technical education students who are the focus of this study. This poor performance in Technical education has been attributed to two broad factors which include: Hereditary and environmental factors which can be subdivided into students, home, teachers, and school factors (Ola, 1998).
However, students reason that Technical education is highly structured and is so abstract and required special intellectual attitude. Thus; students see the subject as something esoteric. Emenalo (1986) in Nwogu (1990) articulated the fact that inherent notion held by many Africans that Technical education is a very difficult subject which is capable of making one “mad” is at the centre of the phobia which students exhibits for Technical education and which had claimed many causalities over the years, Nworgu (1990), therefore passes the question: “how them would any person in fairness expect our poor and innocent children to be as courageous as to face something which is capable of making even an adult mad? The students would prefer to do something else no matter how difficult rather than to attend Technical education classes.
Most parents do not play a crucial role in preparing their children for school. The child is expected to see the world from the perspective of these archaic values and the goodness of otherwise of his behaviour is judged as such.
Opposition from the child arises from what appears to him obsolete and defense of traditionalism by the parents. For example, Whaler (1997) argues that consistent and appropriate parental reactions to the full range of a child’s response repertoire will establish a family context conducive to positive reinforcement of child compliance. In contrast, inconsistent parental reactions appear to create a chaotic family context conducive to the negative reinforcement of child opposition. He argues that based on these two forms of contexts, the parent and children seen to generate distinctive personal rules which outline the functions arrangements of contexts, behavior.
Statement of the Problem
Perhaps not much attention has been given to the performance of students in technical education subject in recent years. This neglect, no doubt has relegated this technical education subject to the background in technical education Examination. A close look at the technical education exam result records, confirms that students’ performance has been very poor generally and the increased number of school dropout in the area of study is a clear pointer of the theme.
According to Okpala (2010), poor performance in technical education Examination is caused by many factors such as; students ineffective study techniques, quality of teachers and method of teaching, the parents inability to provide useful materials like textbooks, exercise books and school fees and problem of inadequate instructional materials for teaching and learning of Technical education in schools. This study therefore is designed to assess the factors associated with mass failure of technical education in Technical education examination.
Purpose of the Study
The main purpose of this study is to find out the factors associated with mass failure of students in technical education in Ondo west Local Government, Ondo State. Specifically, the study sought to find out if:-
- Insufficient numbers of qualified teachers affect students’ mass failure in technical education subjects.
- Unavailability of instructional materials for teaching of technical education subject affects students’ mass failure in technical education subjects,
iii. The previous socio-economic backgrounds of the students affect them in studying technical education subject.
- The attitude and interest of students towards the nature of technical education subject contribute deeply to their mass failure in technical education exam.
In assessing the purpose of the study, this research project will answer the following questions:
- Does insufficient numbers of qualified Technical education teachers affects students’ mass failure in Technical education subject?
- Does unavailability of instructional materials for teaching of technical education subject affects students’ mass failure in technical education subjects?
iii. Does previous socio-economic background of the students affect them in studying technical education subject?
- How would interest of students towards the nature of technical education subject contribute deeply to their mass failure in TECHNICAL EDUCATION EXAM?
In carrying out this research work the following theoretical statements are buttressed to serve as a direction on which the work will be premised:
- H0: Insufficient numbers of qualified technical education teachers does not affect students’ mass failure of students in technical education subject
H1: Insufficient numbers of qualified technical education teachers and instructional materials teaching affects technical education subject.
- H0: There is no significant relationship between availability of instructional materials for teaching of technical education subject and students’ mass failure in technical education subjects.
H1: There is significant relationship between availability of instructional materials for teaching of technical education subject and students’ mass failure in technical education subjects.
Significance of the Study
The student will be able to appreciate the importance of the effective domain like interest and motivation in improving their performance. With this awareness, the student might put up a positive attitude towards technical education subject which will increase their performance and enhance higher grades in Technical education examination.
Teachers will also be able to adjust their teaching methods and offer remedial helps where they find out those students are putting up a low attitude. State Government will also see the need of guidance and counseling in each schools, the ministry of education and curriculum planners for better organization of junior subjects in education.
Scope of the Study
The scope of the study focused on factors associated with mass failure of students in technical education in Ondo west, Local Government. The study will be confined to selected technical educations in Education District II, Ondo west, Ondo.
Definition of Terms
Education: Education in its general sense is a form of learning in which knowledge, skills, and habits of a group of people are transferred from one generation to the next through teaching, training or through research.
Failure: A person or thing that proves unsuccessful
Teacher: A teacher or schoolteacher is a person who provides education for students.
Education: Education in its general sense is a form of learning in which knowledge, skills,, and habits of a group of people are transferred from one generation to the next through teaching, training or through research.
Student: A person who is studying at a university or other place of higher education.
Technical Education: Technical education, the academic and vocational preparation of students for jobs involving applied science and modern technology.
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Full Project – FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH MASS FAILURE OF STUDENTS IN TECHNICAL EDUCATION