Definition of Modern family planning methods in Details
What is Family Planning
Family planning, or the use of contraceptives to achieve a desired family size and birth spacing, is an important part of reproductive health (WHO, 2021). Family planning allows people to take control of their lives, improve their health, and realize their dreams. These days, men and women, whether they’re single or married, have access to a wide variety of contraceptive options that are all equally safe, effective, and economical.
A wide range of short-acting and long-acting procedures fall under the umbrella of modern family planning. Condoms, diaphragms, and cervical caps are examples of barrier techniques; birth control tablets, patches, and rings are examples of hormonal methods; and the morning-after pill is an example of emergency contraception (WHO, 2021). Long-acting techniques include tubal ligation for women and vasectomy for men, as well as intrauterine devices (IUDs) and hormonal implants. Although barrier approaches are low-cost and simple to implement, they only work when used correctly and consistently. Hormonal contraception is safer and more practical than other methods, but it is only available with a doctor’s prescription and may cause unwanted side effects including nausea, headaches, and weight gain.
Emergency contraception is a backup strategy for women who have engaged in unprotected sexual activity or who have had a failed birth control attempt, however it does not protect against STIs (WHO, 2021). IUDs and hormonal implants are long-acting therapies that can prevent pregnancy for years without the need for maintenance or follow-up visits. It’s important to remember, though, that these strategies don’t prevent STIs and may necessitate a trip to the doctor for insertion or removal (WHO, 2021).
However, it is important to keep in mind that sterilisation treatments, such as tubal ligation for women and vasectomy for men, are typically irreversible and should be considered as a long-term option only if you are sure you do not want to have children. Tracking one’s menstrual cycle and using natural indications like cervical mucus to anticipate one’s ovulation and refrain from sexual activity within one’s viable window are examples of fertility awareness-based approaches (FABMs). FABMs are as successful as other hormonal techniques when used properly, according to studies (Setty-Venugopal, Upadhyay, et al., 2015), but mastering them takes time and effort. In general, people can select from a number of different modern family planning methods that are suitable for them and their lifestyles and reproductive aims. To guarantee that the chosen approach is the most appropriate one for an individual’s specific condition, it is crucial to seek out and obtain correct information about all of the various procedures from trained healthcare specialists.
Further Info About Family Planning
Family planning is essential for individuals planning to start a family in the near future. Family planning enables individuals to decide the spacing of their births and the number of children they desire. By using modern family planning methods, individuals can ensure that they avoid unintended pregnancies, unwanted pregnancies, and abortions. Modern family planning methods help individuals to achieve their fertility goals and maintain reproductive health. Modern family planning methods are designed to meet the changing needs of individuals across various age groups, social settings, and cultures. These methods are safe and effective and are available in a wide range of forms.
Modern family planning methods include hormonal methods, intrauterine devices, barrier methods, fertility awareness-based methods, and sterilization. Hormonal methods include the use of birth control pills, patches, injections, and vaginal rings. Hormonal methods work by preventing the release of eggs from the ovaries, thickening the cervical mucus, and thinning the lining of the uterus. According to the Guttmacher Institute, hormonal contraceptives are used by 25% of women aged between 15-44 years in the US (Guttmacher Institute, 2021).
Another form of modern family planning is the use of intrauterine devices (IUDs). An IUD is a small T-shaped device placed in the uterus that prevents fertilization by creating a hostile environment for sperm. IUDs are safe, effective, and can last up to 5-10 years. According to the World Health Organization, IUDs are used by 21% of women aged between 15-49 years worldwide (World Health Organization, 2019).
Barrier methods of family planning include the use of condoms, diaphragms, and cervical caps. Barrier methods work by preventing the sperm from reaching the egg. Condoms are the most commonly used barrier method of family planning and are effective in preventing sexually transmitted diseases. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that condom use is prevalent among 25% of women aged between 15-44 years in the US (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2021).
Fertility awareness-based methods include tracking menstrual cycles, basal body temperature, and cervical mucus to determine fertile and infertile days. These methods are non-invasive, cost-effective, and natural. Fertility awareness-based methods require motivation, knowledge, and practice. These methods are less effective in preventing pregnancy when compared to hormonal and barrier methods Sterilization is a permanent form of family planning and involves either a vasectomy for men or a tubal ligation for women. Sterilization is a one-time procedure and has a high effectiveness rate in preventing pregnancy.
According to the World Health Organization, sterilization is used by 21% of women aged between 15-49 years worldwide (World Health Organization, 2019). In conclusion, modern family planning methods are safe, effective, and available in various forms. Individuals can choose the method that best suits their lifestyle, preferences, and goals. By using modern family planning methods, individuals can avoid unintended pregnancies, unwanted pregnancies, and abortions. It is essential for individuals to have access to family planning methods and counseling to make informed decisions about their reproductive health.
Definition of Modern Family Methods
Fertility-awareness methods: Using one’s menstrual cycle as a predictor of ovulation, this strategy is a kind of natural family planning. Couples can avoid getting pregnant by not having sexual relations during the ovulation phase (Stanford et al., 2002)
Emergency contraception: This refers to using a kind of birth control after having intercourse while unprotected or when another form of birth control has failed. Morning-after pills and copper IUDs are two examples of emergency contraception. To wit: (Gemzell-Danielsson et al., 2015)
Lactational Amenorrhea Method (LAM): Breastfeeding has a natural effect of preventing ovulation, hence it can be used as a contraceptive. However, LAM is only useful if the infant is being fed nothing except breast milk. According to (Ezeome & Obiechina, 2014)
Contraceptive patch: The effectiveness of the contraceptive pill in a patch that may be worn for a week. As reported by (Anderson & Ross, 2013)
Contraceptive injection: A long-term form of birth control that consists of an injectable administered every three months. In a 2015 study (Bahamondes and Monteiro),
Vaginal ring: Pregnancy prevention ring that is placed in the vagina and distributes hormones. After three weeks, it is taken out and replaced after a week. To wit: (Hatcher et al., 2011) In conclusion, family planning is an important part of reproductive health, and those who desire to regulate their fertility can choose from a number of effective modern approaches.
Hormonal methods: These techniques involve the use of artificial hormones to influence reproduction. Pills, patches, injections, implants, and IUDs that release hormones into the uterus are all examples of these procedures. According to a study (Glasier & Wellington, 2011)
Barrier methods: These interventions include putting something in the way of the sperm as they try to fertilize the egg. Male condoms, female condoms, diaphragms, and cervical caps are the most popular barrier methods. According to a recent study (Lopez and Grimes, 2017),
Intrauterine devices (IUDs): The uterus is implanted with these tiny, bendable, T-shaped implants to stop pregnancy. Hormonal and non-hormonal IUDs both provide protection from pregnancy for 5-10 years. To wit: (Heikinheimo et al., 2015)
Sterilization: Blocking or cutting the fallopian tubes in women and the vas deferens in men is a permanent technique of contraception. “(Trussell, 2017)
Disclaimer: Please consult your doctor before adopting any option. The safety, convenience, and efficiency of each technique varies. Therefore, after discussing the options with your doctor, patients should be advised on what to do
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2021). Contraceptive use among women. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/contraceptive.htm
Guttmacher Institute. (2021). Contraceptive use in the United States. Retrieved from https://www.guttmacher.org/fact-sheet/contraceptive-use-united-states
World Health Organization. (2019). Family planning/Contraception. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/family-planning-contraception
Setty-Venugopal, V., Upadhyay, U. D., & Stuart, G. S. (2015). Advances in contraception. F1000Research, 4, 1016. https://doi.org/10.12688/f1000research.6525.1
World Health Organization. (2021). Family planning/contraception. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/news-room/q-a-detail/family-planning-contraception.
Anderson, F. D., & Ross, J. (2013). Long-term safety of the contraceptive patch. Expert opinion on drug safety, 12(3), 393-401. Bahamondes, L., & Monteiro, I. (2015). Injections: coming back.
Contraception, 91(3), 197-199. Ezeome, I. V., & Obiechina, N. J. (2014). Effectiveness of Lactational Amenorrhea Method (LAM) in family planning. African Journal of Reproductive Health, 18(1), 70-75.
Gemzell-Danielsson, K., Berger, C., & Lalitkumar, P. G. L. (2015). Emergency contraception–mechanisms of action. Contraception, 91(4), 219-227.
Glasier, A., & Wellington, M. (2011). Family planning: contraception. Best Practice & Research Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 25(2), 131-143.
Hatcher, R. A., Trussell, J., Nelson, A. L., Cates, W., Stewart, F. H., Kowal, D., & Guest, F. (2011). Contraceptive technology (20th ed.). Ardent Media.
Heikinheimo, O., Inki, P., Gemzell‐Danielsson, K., & Hurskainen, R. (2015). Long‐acting reversible contraception: a good choice for reducing unintended pregnancy. Best Practice & Research Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 29(6), 908-919.
Lopez, L. M., & Grimes, D. A. (2017). Nonhormonal barrier methods for contraception. Jama, 318(22), 2255-2256.
Stanford, J. B., Smith, K. R., & Dunson, D. B. (2002). Vulvar mucus observations and the probability of pregnancy. Obstetrics & Gynecology, 100(4), 765-773.
Trussell, J. (2017). Contraceptive failure in the United States. Contraception, 96(5), 315-319.
World Health Organization (2021). Family Planning/Contraception. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/news-room/questions-and-answers/item/family-planning-contraception.
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